Friday, December 15, 2017

Jacobs Ladder was not a ladder but a ramp

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Yehuda Lave, Spiritual Advisor and Counselor

Virtues are Gifts of the Almighty

Ultimately, any virtue a person has is a gift from the Almighty.

If a person has nothing of his own and someone gives him a present, he does not feel arrogant. It was an act of kindness and he feels fortunate to receive it. This will be the attitude of anyone whose eyes are open and who sees the reality of his own human frailty, yet was fortunate to receive the kindness of the Almighty.

A person with true humility has these behavioral aspects:

- He speaks in a pleasant manner to all people.

- He does not insult others or put them down.

- His posture and mannerisms are in the average range - neither boisterous nor meek. - He is willing to sit next to simple people and not only those he considers important.

- He is able to tolerate the slights and insults of others.

- He flees from personal honor.

- He shows honor and respect to every human being - both in speech and behavior.

Today, ask yourself: "What am I most proud of?" View it as a special gift from the Creator to you. This will give you a more profound appreciation, and a greater sense of humility.

Normally my Torah goes out from Jerusalem as the profits say it does. Today, this piece is going out from Eliat, Israel as I am here for Shabbat. While it does not have the hollines of Jerusaelem, in the winter it has some more heat (heat vs holliness).

 

Love Yehuda

Jacob's ladder wasn't a ladder

Isaac Mozeson · 

JACOB'S LADDER WASN'T

Imagining angels fighting for room on a narrow ladder while going up and down is comical. So is the awful translation of "ladder" in Jacob's dream, Genesis 28:12. 
For millennia the closest to ladders were like telephone poles with climbable spikes. Having two parallel posts with rungs is recent, way after the Biblical period.
The Bible does have climbable RAMPS at the Tabernacle and Temples. Unlike a ladder, one cannot rest at a rung. Spiritually, one is going up or sliding down. 
In a parallel spiritual vision, the סולם SooLaM to heaven is a SLOLUM-like ramp to the celestial Asgard in Norse Mythology. ... The Samekh-Lamed root of סולם SooLaM in Jeremiah 18:15 is about macadamizing and unlevel road. There is a winding snake-path up Masada, or any hill or spiritual height.
NOT A LADDER.

every elephant wants to get into the act!

2011 West Virginia University Marching Band Armed Forces Salute

No celebration of our freedom can be complete without a tribute to the brave men and women who have sacrificed so much to preserve and protect our country. The WVU Band presents our "Armed Forces Salute," which features a medley of the songs from all branches of our great military. This selection will close with a stirring rendition of "America, The Beautiful." • The United States Army! • The United States Coast Guard! • The United States Marines! • The United States Air Force! • The United States Navy! No one can argue the great service that the men and women of the armed services have provided to our nation over the centuries. By serving in two World Wars, the Korean War, Vietnam, Desert Storm, Afghanistan, Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom, and in the war on Terror, as well as continually providing support and aid to those in need when all types of disasters strike, our American service men and women have made us all swell with pride. Therefore, we pay honor to all the brave men and women who helped to make, and continue to make this country, the greatest nation on earth! The WVU Band would like to thank the following individuals for helping to make our Patriotic Show possible: • J.T. Martin Fire & Safety of Clarksburg, WV for the assistance with the fire extinguishers • Dr. Jeffry Johnson and the members of the WVU University Choir and Women's Choir • Stu & Joyce Robbins for their generous donation that purchased our large American flag several years ago. Thank you to all of these individuals for their support of the West Virginia University Marching Band! Fans of the WVU Marching Band are asked to check out our web site at http://www.wvuband.org. Photos from this show can be found at http://bit.ly/szrDLF

 Too Busy for a Friend.....

One day a teacher asked her students to list the names of the other students in the room on two sheets of paper, leaving a space between each name

Then she told them to think of the nicest thing they could say about each of their classmates and write it down.

It took the remainder of the class period to finish their assignment, and as the students left the room, each one handed in the papers.

That Saturday, the teacher wrote down the name of each student on a separate sheet of paper, and listed what everyone else had said about that individual. 

On Monday she gave each student his or her list. Before long, the entire class was smiling. 'Really?' she heard whispered. 'I never knew that I meant anything to anyone!' and, 'I didn't know others liked me so much,' were most of the comments.

No one ever mentioned those papers in class again. She never knew if they discussed them after class or with their parents, but it didn't matter. The exercise had accomplished its purpose. The students were happy with themselves and one another. That group of students moved on.

Several years later, one of the students was killed in
 Vietnam and his teacher attended the funeral of that special student.. She had never seen a serviceman in a military coffin before. He looked so handsome, so mature.

The church was packed with his friends. One by one those who loved him took a last walk by the coffin... The teacher was the last one to bless the coffin.

As she stood there, one of the soldiers who acted as pallbearer came up to her. 'Were you Mark's math teacher?' he asked. She nodded: 'yes.' Then he said: 'Mark talked about you a lot.'

After the funeral, most of Mark's former classmates went together to a luncheon. Mark's mother and father were there, obviously waiting to speak with his teacher.

'We want to show you something,' his father said, taking a wallet out of his pocket 'They found this on Mark when he was killed.. We thought you might recognize it.'

Opening the billfold, he carefully removed two worn pieces of notebook paper that had obviously been taped, folded and refolded many times. The teacher knew without looking that the papers were the ones on which she had listed all the good things each of Mark's classmates had said about him.

'Thank you so much for doing that,' Mark's mother said. 'As you can see, Mark treasured it.'

All of Mark's former classmates started to gather around. Charlie smiled rather sheepishly and said, 'I still have my list. It's in the top drawer of my desk at home.'

Chuck's wife said, 'Chuck asked me to put his in our wedding album.'

'I have mine too,' Marilyn said. 'It's in my diary'

Then Vicki, another classmate, reached into her pocketbook, took out her wallet and showed her worn and frazzled list to the group. 'I carry this with me at all times,' Vicki said and without batting an eyelash, she continued: 'I think we all saved our lists'

That's when the teacher finally sat down and cried. She cried for Mark and for all his friends who would never see him again.

The density of people in society is so thick that we forget that life will end one day. And we don't know when that one day will be.

So please, tell the people you love and care for, that they are special and important. Tell them, before it is too late.

And One Way To Accomplish This Is: Forward this message on. If you do not send it, you will have, once again passed up the wonderful opportunity to do something nice and beautiful.

If you've received this, it is because someone cares for you and it means there is probably at least someone for whom you care.

OMG Simon Cried for First time in this New Got Talent 2017 Audition of Little girl

even he has a heart

See you Sunday, Shabbat Shalom and happy Hanaukah

Love Yehuda Lave

Rabbi Yehuda Lave

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Thursday, December 14, 2017

Muslims and Nazis were joint in trying to exterminate us, and the Muslims haven't stopped trying

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Yehuda Lave, Spiritual Advisor and Counselor

Choose a Worthy Goal and Go For It

When you have a goal in mind, keep your focus on reaching it, and do not allow yourself to be sidetracked by anything else.

All people who have accomplished in life have set goals for themselves. Think of one goal that would make a major difference in your life. Today, make a commitment to reach that goal.

Love Yehuda Lave

Muslims and Nazis were allies in WW2

For the libs who hate Trump for his stance on Islam. Muslim fought along side the Nazis because they didn't want Jews back in Israel also Koran says kill all the infidels till the only religion in the world is Islam ~Quran 8:39.

That includes the Germans, they just didn't know they were next.

http://www.tellthechildrenthetruth.co... In 1941, Haj Amin al-Husseini fled to Germany and met with Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, Joachim Von Ribbentrop and other Nazi leaders. He wanted to persuade them to extend the Nazis' anti-Jewish program to the Arab world. The Mufti sent Hitler 15 drafts of declarations he wanted Germany and Italy to make concerning the Middle East. One called on the two countries to declare the illegality of the Jewish home in Palestine. Furthermore, "they accord to Palestine and to other Arab countries the right to solve the problem of the Jewish elements in Palestine and other Arab countries, in accordance with the interest of the Arabs and, by the same method, that the question is now being settled in the Axis countries."1 In November 1941, the Mufti met with Hitler, who told him the Jews were his foremost enemy. The Nazi dictator rebuffed the Mufti's requests for a declaration in support of the Arabs, however, telling him the time was not right. The Mufti offered Hitler his "thanks for the sympathy which he had always shown for the Arab and especially Palestinian cause, and to which he had given clear expression in his public speeches....The Arabs were Germany's natural friends because they had the same enemies as had Germany, namely....the Jews...." Hitler replied: Germany stood for uncompromising war against the Jews. That naturally included active opposition to the Jewish national home in Palestine....Germany would furnish positive and practical aid to the Arabs involved in the same struggle....Germany's objective [is]...solely the destruction of the Jewish element residing in the Arab sphere....In that hour the Mufti would be the most authoritative spokesman for the Arab world. The Mufti thanked Hitler profusely.2 In 1945, Yugoslavia sought to indict the Mufti as a war criminal for his role in recruiting 20,000 Muslim volunteers for the SS, who participated in the killing of Jews in Croatia and Hungary. He escaped from French detention in 1946, however, and continued his fight against the Jews from Cairo and later Beirut. He died in 1974.

Chabad of Chevron - Rabbi Danny Cohen

Connecting with IDF soldiers in the city of our Patriarchs 
Chabad of Chevron, Israel with Rabbi Danny Cohen

Meghan Markle on the moment she realized the power of her voice.

If women aren't given a seat at the table, Meghan Markle is ready to create a new table.

If I Fell in Love with you

See you Tomorrow

Love Yehuda Lave

Rabbi Yehuda Lave

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Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Bolivian Schindler' saved some 9,000 lives during Holocaust, papers show

Here are some practical ways you can nourish yourself:

1. SMELL AN ORANGE when you feel down to boost your mood.

2. LAVENDER OIL: Put a drop on your pillowcase for more restful sleep.

3. EAT MINDFULLY: Chew. Eat lots of colored veggies. Be 80% full.

4. FLOSS TEETH

5. 20-20 FOR EYES: Every 20 minutes, look away from the computer for 20 seconds and use that time to breathe and reconnect yourself

6. MEDITATE: A few minutes at night or in the morning of 5 minutes during the day.

7. STRETCH: Do simple stretches throughout the day - by the sink, at the table, before sleep, upon awakening.
Love Yehuda Lave

News

| World's most expensive kippah on sale for $167,000

Zev Stub
Tuesday, 28 November 12:46 PM

This Chanukah, make sure you're the first one in your shul to have this diamond-crowned kippah for just $167,000...

We thought it was a joke, but Celebrity Artist Toks Daniel has created the world's most precious Yarmulke (skullcap), which is encrusted with over 3,500 sparkling Swarovski crystals and crowned with a stunning 2 carat D color flawless diamond. It is unveiled just in time for Chanukah, of course.

It took Toks 14 days to conceive and create the Yarmulke, which requires every one of the crystals to be painstakingly placed and applied to a pre-ordained position. He collaborated with jeweler Robert Goodman for the pièce de résistance: a glorious solitaire cut diamond supplied by Goodman and set proudly atop a Star of David at the Yarmulke's summit. Robert Goodman, has been a highly respected jewelry designer and maker based in Hatton Garden, the heart of London's jewelry district, for twenty years.

Toks Daniel is famed for his dazzling pieces adorned with crystals and diamonds with work admired and owned by celebrities throughout the globe. The creation of his first religious piece is inspired by his attraction to Judaism. Toks says: "Whilst I was a youngster in Nigeria, Jews had a rather exotic image. The more I have since been exposed to Jews and Judaism, the more I have become enamored with its rituals, principles, and aesthetics. My Yarmulke design is a manifestation of my enchantment with the religion."

Toks has created pieces, from crystal encrusted soccer boots to effervescent caps, for famous personalities including: Didier Drogba; Jourdan Dunn; Jermaine Jackson; Leona Lewis; Sean Paul; Cristiano Ronaldo; Desmond Trufant; and Ian Wright. The boot designed for Ronaldo is displayed in Cristiano Ronaldo's CR7 Museum.

A $1,330 donation will be made to Chabad Lubavitch of Nigeria should the yarmulke be purchased. The charity provides for the spiritual welfare of the Jewish community in Nigeria as well as promoting understanding, respect and diversity.

You can buy the kipa from VeryFirstTo.com at $167,000/ £125,000/ €140,000. Should you wish to purchase the yarmulke without the diamond the cost is $9300/ £7000/ €7800.

If you buy it, please let us at Janglo know!

Crocodile caught on Hollywood beach

An-eight-foot crocodile on Hollywood beach was caught Monday afternoon, after its appearance that morning drew television news helicopters and hundreds of onlookers.

A wildlife officer snared the crocodile by the neck and dragged it up the beach, as the big reptile remained motionless, its mouth open. Officials tied its mouth shut with black tape. It was placed on a truck and driven off the beach, to cheers and applause from beachgoers who appeared to be rooting for the crocodile to emerge safe from its encounter with wildlife officers and police.

The crocodile was released unharmed that evening in "suitable habitat" somewhere in Broward County, said Katie Purcell, spokeswoman for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.

The crocodile, a native Florida species that's distinct from the more common alligators, was first spotted near the Dania Beach pier, drifted south and came ashore around Johnson Street, said Joann Hussey, spokeswoman for Hollywood. As the crocodile attracted a crowd of beachgoers — many of them guests at the nearby Margaritaville Hollywood Beach Resort — police officers held people back.

Crocodile on Hollywood beach | Photos

A Hollywood police officer approached people taking photos and told them to back up.

"Can you run 18 miles an hour?" the officer asked one woman.

"No," she said.

"He can," the officer said. Everyone backed up.

Hollywood Mayor Josh Levy, riding on a dune buggy with the police as the crocodile headed south, joked, "So when it gets to Hallandale, we're done, right?"

"We've already posted some cool photos on Facebook," said Joe Fusco on vacation from Detroit with his family. "We were planning to go for a swim, but probably not now. It's kind of fun actually, but no one can get in the water until they get this thing out of here."

American crocodiles, which can grow to 16 feet, live in brackish and salt water in coastal areas. Their U.S. population is strongest in Florida Bay, Everglades National Park and the Upper Florida Keys. But they have been spotted in Hollywood, Boca Raton and other coastal cities, as well as on the Gulf coast.

As the crocodile came within a half-mile of the Hallandale Beach border, a reporter called Hallandale Beach City Manager Roger Carlton, who appeared surprised by the news.

"As soon as we hang up, I'm going to call the police chief," he said. But he added that he had nothing against crocodiles.

"Hallandale is a very inclusive community," he said. "And we welcome all visitors."

Diane Warner came out after seeing the crocodile on TV.

"This is a sight to see," she said. "I've heard of alligators coming up on the beach but never a crocodile. This is his environment, but I think the crowd's freaking him out."

Although there have been very few known attacks by American crocodiles on people in the United States and no known fatal attacks, there have been attacks — some fatal — in other parts of the crocodile's range, which covers the Caribbean, Central American and northern South America.

Once occupying a range that extended as far north as Lake Worth on the east coast and Tampa Bay on the west coast, they had been reduced by coastal development and hunting to a stronghold in northern Florida Bay by the 1970s.

But crocodile numbers rose sharply in the past 20 years or so, partly due to the inadvertent construction of good crocodile habitat in the cooling canals of the Turkey Point nuclear plant and in the earthen banks of a failed housing development on Key Largo that would become the Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge.

From a low of 300 or so in the 1970s, crocodiles have increased their numbers to about 2,000, not counting hatchlings, according to the state wildlife commission. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service upgraded their status from endangered to threatened.

Purcell, of the state wildlife service, called them "an endangered species success story."

Man gets his dying wish: To be buried with 2 cheesesteaks
LAINS, Pa. (AP) — A man who always joked that he didn't want to venture into the afterlife hungry got his wish when he was buried with two cheesesteaks from his favorite sandwich shop — Pat's King of Steaks in Philadelphia.

According to his grandson, Dominic Lussi, when asked what he wanted to take with him when he died, Richard Lussi replied, "What do you think? Pat's cheesesteak!"

"No onions," his grandson said he would say, "because they'll come back to haunt me."

The 76-year-old father of four died of heart complications on Oct. 10.

Richard Lussi, from Plains Township, was a rabid fan of Philadelphia sports teams, and that loyalty spread to the famed cheesesteak shop after a pregame meal decades ago, according to The Philadelphia Inquirer .

"We hear that there's other cheesesteak places in Philly but we haven't seen them," his son, John Lussi, said.

Richard Lussi loved the sandwiches even though he had a bad heart and his doctor had warned him to watch what he ate, said Dominic Lussi.

At family gatherings, Richard Lussi would often challenge family members to drive 2 1/2 hours to Philadelphia and back to get the sandwiches.

So the day before his funeral, his son, grandson and two friends made the trip to pick up cheesesteaks for the coffin. They had planned to buy just one until they remembered a piece of advice he had given them: "If you're going to Pat's you always get two, you never order just one."

Pat's owner, Frank Olivieri Jr., said he was flattered and bewildered by someone choosing to be buried with his sandwiches. As for what the second cheesesteak might be for, he speculated: "Maybe it's a bribe for Saint Peter."

———

Information from: The Philadelphia

How the Quakers Became Champions of BDS A century-old religiously based pacifist organization transformed itself into one of the leading engines for the Palestinian cause By Asaf Romirowsky and Alexander Joffee

In a not-so-earth-shattering move, the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) has appointed a Palestinian-American, Joyce Ajlouny, as its new Secretary General. Ajlouny is a native of Ramallah and formerly the head of the Quaker school there, a "passionate" advocate for Palestinians and for "evenhandedness."

Ajlouny may be the perfect candidate to run the AFSC, the leading American Quaker organization, which over the years has cultivated its image as peaceful and supremely benign. Few suspect, much less know, that one of their central missions these days is promoting the BDS movement that opposes Israel's existence.

How did a century-old religiously based pacifist organization transform itself into one of the leading engines for the Palestinian cause? Part of the answer lies in the AFSC's evolution, which has gone from trying to save Jews to vilifying them. Its Quaker theology has similarly gone from emphasis on the "Inner Light" that guides individual conscience to something like old-fashioned Christian supersessionism and Replacement Theology, where Jews deserve to be hated. The result is that the organization is now effectively captive to progressive Israel-hatred.

Founded during World War I to provide alternative forms of "service" to pacifist Quakers, the AFSC quickly became one of the foremost refugee relief organizations of the early 20th century, with operations around the world. A favorite of Eleanor Roosevelt's, the AFSC was also active within the US during the Depression, teaching skills across Appalachia and the South.

With the rise of Nazism, AFSC became involved with what would be the greatest refugee crisis in history. But the experience also demonstrated the organization's approach to religious diplomacy and relief efforts, where naïve idealism alternated with practicality. Shortly after Kristallnacht in November 1938, AFSC leaders traveled to Germany to personally investigate the suffering of the Jews and pled their case with Reichsführer-SS Reinhard Heydrich to bring relief aid. They were unsuccessful.

But the AFSC's post-war record in refugee relief was so exceptional that along with a British Quaker group, it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1947. By the late 1940s, the AFSC had a distinctive place in American and international society, a well-established Christian NGO with global reach. But it was also a universalist organization that went against the grain to unpopular causes. Its humanitarian ethic and pacifist ideology were radical both in the American and Protestant contexts. These tensions would ultimately undo the AFSC.

The shift began when the AFSC was invited by the United Nations to run Palestinian refugee relief in Gaza in late 1948. Quakers had been in the Holy Land for over a century, running schools and hospitals for local Christians. But the refugee program was a turning point. Relief workers had never encountered refugees who did not want to be taught new skills or to be resettled elsewhere, only to be maintained at someone else's expense until Israel disappeared.

So traumatic was this for the AFSC that after 18 months it refused to be part of any future Palestinian refugee program, citing among other things the "moral degeneration" of the refugees brought on by becoming welfare recipients. This view was prescient—almost seventy years later, the Palestinians remain the world's largest recipients of international welfare through UNRWA and the UN system.

The Gaza experience—where in fact the AFSC excelled at providing relief and creating infrastructure, despite resistance from the refugees themselves—was enough to convince the leadership to get out of the relief business altogether. At the same time, a faction of the organization's leadership advocated a radical pacifist, and anti-American, agenda, aimed at nuclear disarmament and elevating the status of the Soviet Union and Communist China. By the 1960s, the AFSC became a liberal pressure group, one that openly supported North Vietnam. Support for Saddam Hussein and North Korea quickly followed.

But the AFSC never lost entirely lost interest in the Arab-Israeli conflict. After 1967, the AFSC escalated its involvement, beginning with quasi-theological criticism of Israel, acting as PLO's legal representatives in Jerusalem during the 1970s, and conducting 'interfaith' events in which American Jews were shamed for supporting Israel. The Quaker tradition of even-handedness and political neutrality was long gone; by the late 1970s the AFSC had effectively enshrined Palestinians as the "new Jews." Support for Palestinian terror as "resistance" against Israel's "structural violence" and against sanctions on Iran's nuclear program is now standard.

These policies are reflected in the educational curriculum of Quaker schools across the country, but most of all in the AFSC's leading role in the BDS movement. Today, the AFSC runs several offices dedicated to supporting the BDS movement, partners with the odious Jewish Voice for Peace and with the Muslim Brotherhood backed Students for Justice in Palestine to train BDS activists and run campus events at which Israel is vilified and its supporters are harassed, and endorses the Palestinian right of return, which would destroy Israel as a sovereign Jewish state.

Joyce Ajlouny's appointment epitomizes the transformation of the AFSC. Quaker schools and education have long been hijacked by Palestinian advocacy, as was recently seen at Friends' Central School in Wynnewood, PA, where BDS supporter Sa'ed Atshan was scheduled to speak to students. Ajlouny, who served for 13 years as the Director of the Ramallah Friends School, will undoubtedly increase that kind of education, given her stated desire to, "bring educational programming on Israeli-Palestinian issues into Quaker schools, where many of the students are Jewish."

Many Jewish parents are attracted to Quaker schools, which seek to instill values mistakenly believed to be analogous to those of Judaism, especially since the Quakers and their schools have enshrined "social justice" as a guiding principle. This is misleading. The AFSC's concept of "justice" is one-sided, and Jewish parents must decide whether Jewish values and Quaker values, as they exist today, are really the same. Ajlouny's appointment makes this more pressing.

Bolivian Schindler' saved some 9,000 lives during Holocaust, papers show
Published March 17, 2017


Mauricio Hochschild

Mauricio Hochschild (Archivo Histórico de la Corporación Minera de Bolivia )

Out of dusty old documents found in a La Paz, Bolivia warehouse has come out the extraordinary story of Mauricio Hochschild, a German immigrant and mining tycoon who helped thousands of Jews escape from the Nazis in the late 30s.

Hailed by the local media as the "Bolivian Schindler," Hochschild left behind a trove of files and photographs that document his leading role in saving at least 9,000 lives. In many cases he paid for their travel and initial accommodations out of his own pocket.

The discovery is all the more surprising because in his time Hochschild was vilified as a ruthless tycoon.

"These papers are going to change many things of the Bolivian history; the political ramifications are yet to come," said Edgar Ramirez, the archive director of the Mining Corporation of Bolivia (Comibol). "Hochschild was the bad guy."

Hochschild was born in Biblis, western Germany, in 1881 and moved to Bolivia in 1921 lured by his love of mountain climbing.

A Jew himself, he amassed his fortune mostly through tin mining – he is one of Bolivia's "Barons of Tin" – and became an influential figure in political circles. That's how in 1938 he persuaded President German Busch to provide especial visas to Jewish migrants who were fleeing Europe amid escalating Nazism. He argued they could contribute to the country's force labor, especially in the farming sector.

Ramirez said he believes Hochschild had high connections with the Resistance.

"I am convinced that Hochschild was part of the anti-fascist apparatus," Ramirez told Fox News. "In order to do what he did he had to be a man linked to the resistance movements that were operating around the world."

The documents show Hochschild also placed some of the newcomers in his mining firm and set up schools for the children in La Paz. One handwritten letter on behalf of the children asks Hochschild to expand their facility "in view of the number of children who are here and others who want to come."

Organizing and filing the Hochschild documents was a titanic task, Ramirez said, because they had been left exposed to the elements and in complete disarray. He said they were mixed up with garbage and all kinds of unrelated material.

After being moved at least twice throughout the decades, the giant pile of documents was found in a Comibol storage warehouse.

"When we started rescuing the documentation, everything was mixed: mixed with titles and deeds, with cartons, with trash," Ramirez recalled. "A selection was made, the material was classified and that is when the find takes place."

He said the papers show Hochschild created two organizations directly related to the aid effort: the Society for the Protection of Israeli Immigrants (SOPRO), dedicated to obtaining funds for the Jewish families, and the Colonization Society of Bolivia (SOCOBO), which managed an agricultural project in Nor Yungas, where he bought three estates to receive the Jews.

"Was he a charitable man? I have a question mark there because Hochschild is considered the worst of the three 'Barons of Tin'; they say he was short-tempered, he didn't pay taxes, he exploited his workforce," said Ramirez.

The other two mining magnates were Victor Aramayo and Simon Patiño. All three were responsible for over half of global tin production at the time.

Things changed quite drastically for the industry in the mid-40s, when the government enacted a law requiring more tax contribution from mining corporations. Hochschild refused to comply and ended up in prison. After his release in 1944, he left Bolivia for the United States and never returned.

He died in Paris in 1965, by then owner of a worldwide empire still thriving today.

See you tomorrow
Love Yehuda Lave
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