Sunday, March 18, 2018

Albert Einstein turning down the offer of the Presidency of Israel in 1952

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Yehuda Lave, Spiritual Advisor and Counselor

Learn to Let Go

For those who have mastered serenity, fifteen seconds ago is ancient history. They realize that once something is over, it is over regardless of whether it has been over for many years or for a relatively short time. It is understandable that it can take different people varying amounts of time until they are able to let things go. But the goal should be to let go of what is over and done with. In truth it is gone whether or not you let it. It is just a question of the degree of emotional mastery that you will have. Regardless of where you are at this moment, you can always improve on your ability to let things go as soon as they are gone.

Love Yehuda Lave

An offer Einstein did refuse


  • Jerusalem Post
  • 26 Feb 2018
  • – R.B.


Israel's first president, Chaim Weizmann, died on November 9, 1952. He had regarded physicist Albert Einstein as "the greatest Jew alive." Thus after Weizmann's death, the Israeli government, led by David Ben-Gurion, decided to offer the post of presidency to the 73-year-old Nobel laureate, who resided in Princeton, New Jersey.

Abba Eban, the Israeli ambassador to Washington and the state's UN representative, wrote a letter to Einstein to make the request. By the time the letter was hand delivered to Einstein on the evening of November 17, 1952, the New

York Times had already informed him of the offer from Ben-Gurion, and he had received phone calls from people who wanted to find out if he would accept the position.

Although Einstein was excited by the offer, he declined it cordially when he phoned Eban at his Washington office. Nonetheless, Eban asked him to provide a written statement declining the offer. That letter was delivered to Eban by an Israeli official who collected it from Einstein's home.

Here are extracts from that famed correspondence.

Letter from the Israeli Embassy, November 17, 1952:

Dear Professor Einstein: The bearer of this letter is the Minister at our Embassy in Washington. He is bringing you the question which Prime Minster Ben-Gurion asked me to convey to you, namely, whether you would accept the Presidency of Israel if it were offered to you by a vote of the Knesset. Acceptance would entail moving to Israel and taking its citizenship. The Prime Minister assures me that in such circumstances, compete facility and freedom to pursue your great scientific work would be afforded by a government and people who are fully conscious of the supreme significance of your labors.

Whatever your decision may be, I am anxious for you to feel that the Prime Minister's question embodies the deepest respect which the Jewish people can repose in any of its sons. To this element of personal regard, we add the sentiment that Israel is a small State in its physical dimensions, but can rise to the level of greatness in the measure that it exemplifies the most elevated spiritual and intellectual traditions which the Jewish people has established through its best minds and hearts both in antiquity and in modern times. Our first President, as you know, taught us to see our destiny in these great perspectives, as you have often exhorted us to do.

Therefore, whatever your response to this question, I hope that you will think generously of those who have asked it, and will commend the high purposes and motives which prompted them to think of you at this solemn hour in our people's history.

With cordial wishes, Ebba Eban Response from Albert Einstein:

I am deeply moved by the offer from our State of Israel, and at once saddened and ashamed that I cannot accept it. All my life I have dealt with objective matters, hence I lack both the natural aptitude and the experience to deal properly with people and to exercise official functions. For these reasons alone I should be unsuited to fulfill the duties of that high office, even if advanced age was not making increasing inroads on my strength. I am the more distressed over these circumstances because my relationship to the Jewish people has become my strongest human bond, ever since I became fully aware of your precarious situation among the nations of the world.

After Einstein declined the position, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, a Labor Zionist leader and historian, was elected the second president of Israel in 1952. He was reelected in 1957 and again in 1962. Ben-Zvi died in office on April 23, 1963. To date, he was the longest-serving Israeli president.

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The Opening of the Academy Awards: 1959 Oscars

Bob Hope's opening monologue at the 31st Academy Awards®, held on April 6, 1959 at the RKO Pantages Theatre. Featuring an introduction by William Holden and John Wayne, a performance by Kirk Douglas and Burt Lancaster, and an appearance by Academy President George Stevens.

What You Need to Know About Planned Parenthood

What does Planned Parenthood really do? What do they actually stand for? President and founder of Live Action, Lila Rose, lays out everything you need to know about Planned Parenthood.

Rabbi Yehuda Lave

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Friday, March 16, 2018

Purim in Israel in 1933

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Yehuda Lave, Spiritual Advisor and Counselor

Feel Grateful for What You Have

Feel joy with what the Almighty has given you, and do not focus your thoughts on what He has not given you.

Imagine how you would feel if you gave someone a present (although you had no obligation to do so), and he immediately complained that you didn't give him twice as much! You would certainly regret having given him anything.

Failure to appreciate what the Almighty gives you is behaving in a similar manner.

Today, write a list of things you feel you have overlooked appreciating in the past. Be resolved to start feeling grateful for those things.

Love Yehuda Lave

Reasons to live in Israel

My AIPAC speech

They would never let me speak, I would spoil the party.

Contact Editor Tzvi Fishman,

TF Tzvi FishmanTzvi Fishman was awarded the Israel Ministry of Education Prize for Jewish Culture and Creativity. Before making Aliyah to Israel in 1984, he was a successful Hollywood screenwriter. He has co-authored 4 books with Rabbi David Samson, based on the teachings of Rabbis A. Y. Kook and T. Y. Kook. His other books include: "The Kuzari For Young Readers" and "Tuvia in the Promised Land". His books are available on Amazon. Recently, he directed the movie, "Stories of Rebbe Nachman." More from the author ►

The organizers of AIPAC would never allow me to speak at their convention, lest I spoil the party. But if they did, this is what I would say to the American Jews in the packed convention hall in Washington.

"I am deeply saddened to be here today to address the AIPAC Convention. I am pained because on the eve of Israel's 70 years anniversary, there are still Jews who live in United States, as if America is the Promised Land.

"If I were to pass out pencils and blanks sheets of paper to everyone in this huge convention center, and ask you to write the name of your nation's capital, I am sure almost everyone would write Washington D.C., and not Jerusalem.

"And if I asked, what is your National Anthem, the vast majority of you would answer "The Star Spangled Banner," and not "HaTikvah." '

"And to the question, who was the founding father of your nation, George Washington would be the reply, not Avraham Avinu."

Sadly, I could go on and on, and while I speak, who knows how many more American Jews are assimilating each minute, as reliable surveys attest, seventy percent and more. And the figure is constantly increasing, with no solution in sight, because there is only one solution, and that is for the Jews of America to come on mass Aliyah and hold all future AIPAC conventions in Jerusalem.

"In the minute that I have been allotted here, allow me to cite just some of the reasons a Jew should live in Israel:      

"To get closer to G-d.

"To fulfill the Torah commandment to live in the Land of Israel.

"To live in the Jewish Homeland, among Jews, and not in a foreign Gentile land.

"To play a real part in the ingathering of the exiles, and the rebuilding of Jerusalem.

"To make the declaration, "Next year in Jerusalem" a reality.

"To have a Jewish government and army, and to give your children the unsurpassable honor of serving in the IDF.

"To live in a country according to the Jewish calendar, where the national holidays are Jewish Holidays.

"To live in a country where the official language is Hebrew.

"So your children won't intermarry.

"So your grandchildren won't intermarry.

"To live in the Land of our Forefathers, where prayer ascends directly to Heaven, the place of the Shechinah, and the Land that Hashem watches over from the beginning of the year to the end.

"Because there is more Torah in Israel than anywhere else in the world.

"Because there are more frum communities in Israel than anywhere else in the world, with more yeshivot, heders, Talmud Torahs, religious colleges and schools for girls than anywhere else in the world.

"Because the Kohanim bless the congregation each day.

"Because of the extra mitzvot you can only do in the Land of Israel.

"To live in a place where your taxes support yeshivot, Tzahal, Jewish charity organizations, Jewish terror victims, Jewish hospitals, the city of Jerusalem, the ingathering of the exiles….

"Because you can get bagels there too.

"Because radio broadcasts begin in the morning with "Shema Yisrael."

"Because of the modern apartments and fantastic villas all over the country.

"Because of the thriving economy.

"Because Israel's an international leader in high-tech.

"Because of the excellent medical care.

"Because that's where a Jew belongs and where G-d wants Jews to be.

"It says on the dollar, 'In G-d We Trust.' If you really believe in G-d, then come home to Israel! Thank you. May G-d bless you, and may G-d bless Israel."

D'var Torah Vayakhel-Pikudei


Perhaps the primary difficulty with Parashot Vayakhel – Pekudei is the apparent redundancy of the description of making the Tabernacle. Indeed, the Torah provides a fivefold description of the Tabernacle and its appliances [Parashot Teruma, T'tzaveh, Ki Tissa, twice in vaYakhel (35:4-19; 36:8 – 38:20) and Pekudei].


Rabbeinu Beḥayye writes that the repetitions reflect the lofty level of the Tabernacle and the fact that it is so dear to God. Rabbeinu Beḥayye notes that, in a similar manner, there is a single verse which mentions the Children of Israel five times, as an expression of how dearly God loves His nation:


I have given the Levites from the Children of Israel for Aaron and his sons to perform the service for the Children of Israel in the meeting tent and to atone for the Children of Israel, so that there will not be a plague on the Children of Israel when the Children of Israel approach the sanctuary. (Numbers 8:19)


Tzror haMor  writes that each of the five mentions of the construction of the Tabernacle and preparing its vessels has a particular purpose: the first, of course, conveys God's command; the second describes Moses' relating the Divine command to the nation; the third is Moses' explanation to the artists and artisans who are responsible in practice for creating the Tabernacle; the fourth describes the diligence and precision of the artisans' work, corresponding exactly to God's instructions; the final repetition conveys Moses' confirmation that all the work was done in accordance with the Divine plan. Thus, the final repetition concludes with the summary:


Moses saw all the work, and behold, they had done it as God commanded, and Moses blessed them. (Exodus 39:43)


Perhaps Tzror haMor 's words can be seen as an expansion and specification of Rabbeinu Beḥayye's comment that the repetitions convey God's affection for the Tabernacle and for those engaged in its construction.


Rabbi Shimshon Raphael Hirsch explains the need for the repetitions in Parashot vaYakhelPekudei and the practical lesson to be learned from these repetitions in light of the sin of the golden calf. As grave as the sin of the golden calf was, "the highest grace of God was regained" when God said to Moses "I forgive them, as you have requested," [Numbers 14:20] and this was accomplished "without Temple and without offering." This taught the truth "that Temple and offering do not themselves bring about the grace of God, but are only means of showing the way to gain the grace of God." Thus, each repetition of the matter of the Tabernacle serves as a reminder that the Shechina resting with Israel is independent of the Temple/Tabernacle and of the service therein and Israel's ability to achieve atonement is a function of the Israelites' behavior and repentance of their sins.


Rabbi Hirsch's comment hints at Jeremiah's words:


Do not trust deceitful words, chanting: This is the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord. (Jeremiah 7:4)


The classical commentaries explain that the Israelites relied on the assumption that God would not destroy His Temple in response to the nation's sins, and the people felt that the very existence of the Temple insulated them from retribution for their sins. Jeremiah's message to the people was that the true "temple of God' is not the Temple in Jerusalem, but the Israelites themselves, "for when they are righteous, they themselves are the temple." [Alshikh, Jeremiah 7:4]

Indeed, the verse states explicitly: "They are to make a sanctuary for Me so that I may dwell among them."


Though our souls yearn for the construction of the Third Temple, we must realize that the true Temple resides within the hearts of the Children of Israel.  (David Magence

Purim in Israel in 1933

Sayings from my sister

An investigation may take six months. A quick interview, profile, a day. Diane Sawyer


In any interview, you do say more or less than you mean. John Updike


It's unfortunate that in an interview sometimes things can seem so black and white. Gisele Bundchen White


When somebody wants to interview me, I've always got something to say. Pete Rose


I like getting to the meat of things. You can't get it in a five-minute interview. I like to hone a person. I like to make eye contact. Larry King


One has a greater sense of degradation after an interview with a doctor than from any human experience. 

Alice James


It's the interviewee's job to know that his privacy is going to be invaded on some level. Otherwise, you are better off not doing the interview.

John Travolta


Everything has changed. An interview has become such a confrontational thing. It makes you very defensive. Francesca Annis


An interview is like a minefield. Michelle Williams


A spontaneous interview feels differently than anything else you see on television. David Steinberg


The way I work, the interview never becomes larger than the person being interviewed. Ken Burns


I actually find it a lot easier to interview people I don't agree with because I'm far more curious about how they've arrived at that place. Hailey Gates


A successful marriage requires falling in love many times, always with the same person. Mignon McLaughlin


Innovations Trigger Global Enhancement

Ambassador (ret.) Yoram Ettinger, "Second Thought: US-Israel Initiative"
March 8, 2018,
Since its 1948-49 War of Independence, the Jewish State has faced clear and present lethal challenges, adversities, assaults and threats, handling them as opportunities in disguise. This state of mind has catapulted Israel to unprecedented heights, commercially and militarily - a uniquely productive partner of the United States. 

The scarcity of natural resources and the nature of the Middle East – a prototype of conflict-ridden, violent, intolerant, merciless, unpredictable, shifty and tenuous environment – have shaped Israel's do-or-die state of mind, producing game-changing innovations in the areas of health, medicine, agriculture, irrigation, science, communications, space, homeland and national security.

In Thou Shalt Innovate (How Israeli ingenuity repairs the world), Avi Jorisch – a  senior fellow at the American Foreign Policy Council – documents the worldwide positive impact of Israel's groundbreaking and cutting-edge hightech innovations upon critical challenges facing mankind.

Jorisch highlights the cardinal Jewish tenet of repairing – not controlling – the world (Tikkun Olam in Hebrew). This has generated a tailwind to Israel's systematic sharing of its research and development with the world at-large, feeding reality-based optimism and upgrading the standard-of-living in the USA, India, Russia, China, Canada, Europe, Australia, Latin America, Asia and Africa.  For example, since 2013 Israel has treated more than 2,500 Syrians seeking medical care, in addition to the dispatching of aid delegations to Turkey, Argentina, Mexico, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Rwanda, etc. 

Rather than merely enriching people and making life in Israel more convenient, the multitude of Israeli hightech companies  - and there are more startups in Israel than in Canada, the UK, Japan, South Korea and India combined - wind up making the world a far better place.

For instance, within fifteen years half of the world's inhabitants may not have sufficient water for drinking and irrigation, because much is wasted due to inefficiency. Israel's Netafim is a global leader in the development and manufacturing of drip/precision irrigation, helping farmers, cooperatives, and governments - in over 110 countries – to conserve water, while maximizing crops and feeding the chronically undernourished.

Rapidly intensifying cybercrime throughout the world makes Israel's Check Point – the world's largest pure-play cybersecurity company – an indispensable firewall developer and provider. In 2014, hackers stole the personal information of roughly 47 percent of the American adult population, and in 2013, they managed to successfully breach 43 percent of American companies. A firewall is the lifeblood of cyber security, and the Check Point firewall was the first of many Israeli innovations that secure global communication. Today, Check Point's firewall protects more than 100,000 businesses, including 94% of Fortune 100 firms, 87% of Fortune 500 firms, and nearly every government around the world.

The ground-breaking, short-range, surface-to-air Iron Dome missile, which is effective day or night in all weather conditions, with an over 90% rate of success, was fully-developed by Israel's Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, and shared with the US, which has subsidized most of the manufacturing cost.  The Iron Dome is jointly – and increasingly - manufactured with Raytheon, detecting, assessing and intercepting incoming rockets, artillery and mortars from ranges of 2-44 miles. The US is considering employing the Iron Dome, along with some Europeans, Azerbaijan, Japan, South Korea and possibly some pro-US Arab countries.

Israeli developed GrainPro Cocoon - a large, hermetically sealed, inexpensive bag for rice, grain, spices, and legumes – is employed by 100 countries, including Arab countries, holding up to 300 tons of grain per bag. It is composed of a strong material called polyvinyl chloride (PVC).  When farmers seal it off, the bag traps bugs and their eggs inside, depriving them of oxygen, suffocating them to death. On average, the Cocoon can save more than 99% of a farmer's crops, sparing Third World farmers famine and starvation. It can be used any time after harvest collection, and once grain is placed inside it, the insects generally die within ten days. Farmers can then easily remove the dead bugs by using a sieve, among other techniques. Reducing harvest losses, the GrainPro Cocoon is an effective measure combatting world hunger, while helping the rural poor deal with the unpredictable forces of the free market. It enables farmers to delay the sale of crops until prices rise, avoiding an endless cycle of poverty.

Thou Shalt Innovate presents more documentation of Israel's path of pioneering innovation since 1948 - a testament to the country's grit, determination, and chutzpah, which led it to amazing strides in developing its sparse natural resources, while benefitting its own people and the world at-large. Over 300 multinational companies - such as Apple, Amazon, Facebook, Google, Intel and Microsoft – operate research and development centers in Israel, leveraging Israel's brainpower and experience.  China, India, and the USA now look to the Jewish state to help solve their emerging water needs; universities around the globe are forging strong partnerships and joint innovation centers with Israel's best and brightest institutions in engineering, biology, physics, and chemistry; hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, and agriculture ventures are reaching out to Israel to help them cure the sick and feed the needy.

See you on Sunday, Shabbat Shalom

Love Yehuda Lave

Rabbi Yehuda Lave

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Thursday, March 15, 2018

Questions to ponder if you are young at heart and today is the ides of March

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Yehuda Lave, Spiritual Advisor and Counselor

The desire that a man has for women is placed in him by G-d

As I have previously written the Torah consists of two parts. The written Torah in the five books of Moses and the Oral Torah which explains and amplifies the Torah.

On Tractate Shabbat on page 152a there is a story regarding man's natural desire for woman. Rav Kahnan said, "What isthe meaning of that which is written:? "For G-d spoke and it came to be" (Psalms 33:9) This is a reference to woman (in the note to explain-i.e. man's carnal desire for woman. As a Baraisa proceeds to explain, a woman's body is not something that one should objectively find attractive. If man nevertheless lusts for it, it must be becasue it is a result of how G-d created man (this is from Rashi).)

He commaned and it took form-these are one's children (from the note -logically one ought not to have children, for they require much expenditure of time, energy and resources which could otherwise be devoted to one's own life. If people nevertheless want to have children it must be something ordained by G-d.

A part of the Talmud teaches that a woman in her body is like a leather jug full of excretions, whose opening is full of blood-Yet in spite of this not so appealing reality, everyone chases after her!

Love Yehuda Lave

Pence: If Iran Nuclear Deal Not Fixed, US Would Withdraw Immediately

Speaking at the American Israel Public Affairs Committee conference in Washington, DC on Monday, Vice President Mike Pence reminded his audience that "President Trump has called on the Congress and our European allies to enact real and lasting restraints on Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile ambitions." Noting that "earlier this year the president waived sanctions to give our lawmakers and our allies time to act," the VP warned, "make no mistake about it, this is their last chance."

"Unless the Iran nuclear deal is fixed in the coming months, the United States of America will withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal immediately," Pence vowed. "Whatever the outcome of those discussions today, I have a solemn promise to you, to Israel and to the wider world, the United States of America will never allow Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon."

The vice president's points about Iran matched perfectly visiting Prime Minister Netanyahu's statement following his meeting at the White House with President Trump:

"If I had to say what is our greatest challenge in the Middle East to both our countries, to our Arab neighbors, it's encapsulated in one word: Iran," Netanyahu said. "Iran has not given up its nuclear ambitions. It came out of this nuclear deal emboldened, enriched. It's practicing aggression everywhere, including on our own borders. And I think we have to stop this country that chants, 'Death to Israel, death to America.'"

"Iran must be stopped," Netanyahu reiterated. "That is our common challenge."

Pence also touched on Iran's nefarious designs: "Iran hopes to recreate the ancient Persian Empire under the modern dictatorship of the Ayatollahs," he said, explaining, "As we speak, that regime seeks to carve out a corridor of influence running through Iraq, Syria and Lebanon creating an unbroken passage for its armies and its ideology. Last year alone, Iran spent more than $4 billion to achieve its ends, and at this very hour, it aids and abets terrorist groups that sit on Israel's doorstep and fire rockets at our people."

"In just the past month, the mounting Iranian menace has been laid bare for all to see," the VP continued, reminding the AIPAC audience of "The Iranian drone that breeched Israel's borders in February was a brazen act of aggression, but Israel's swift and strong response sent a warning to Iran across the region that dangerous provocations will not go unchecked by Israel, America or our allies."

Apropos the Persian Empire, PM Netanyahu also referred to it during his meeting with Trump, but in the most positive terms. Thanking the president for his official recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of his Israel and his plan to move the US embassy there this spring, Netanyahu said, "I want to tell you that the Jewish people have a long memory, so we remember the proclamation of the great king, Cyrus the Great, Persian king 2,500 years ago. He proclaimed that the Jewish exiles in Babylon could come back and rebuild our Temple in Jerusalem."

Of course, rebuilding the Temple would have been an even bigger deal than moving the US embassy, but it isn't anything President Trump can do for the Jews. That one would require a decision by Benjamin Netanyahu.

Vice President Mike Pence addresses the AIPAC Policy Conference

Vice President Mike Pence addresses the AIPAC Policy Conference, "the largest gathering of the pro-Israel movement."

Frank Sinatra - "Young At Heart"

Chic comedy--Mrs. Hughes

Ides of March

Ides of March From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the day in the Roman calendar. For events that occurred on March 15, see March 15.For other uses, see Ides of March (disambiguation). The Death of Caesar (1798) by Vincenzo Camuccini

The Ides of March (Latin: Idus Martiae, Late Latin: Idus Martii)[1] is a day on the Roman calendar that corresponds to March 15. It was marked by several religious observances and was notable for the Romans as a deadline for settling debts[2]. In 44 BC, it became notorious as the date of the assassination of Julius Caesar. The death of Caesar made the Ides of March a turning point in Roman history, as one of the events that marked the transition from the historical period known as the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire.[3]

Although March (Martius) was the third month of the Julian calendar, in the oldest Roman calendar it was the first month of the year. The holidays observed by the Romans from the first of the month to the Ides often reflect their origin as new-year celebrations.[citation needed]



The Romans did not number days of a month sequentially from the first through the last day. Instead, they counted back from three fixed points of the month: the Nones (5th or 7th, depending on the length of the month), the Ides (13th or 15th), and the Kalends (1st of the following month). The Ides occurred near the midpoint, on the 13th for most months, but on the 15th for March, May, July, and October. The Ides were supposed to be determined by the full moon, reflecting the lunar origin of the Roman calendar. On the earliest calendar, the Ides of March would have been the first full moon of the new year.[4]

Religious observances Panel thought to depict the Mamuralia, from a mosaic of the months in which March is positioned at the beginning of the year (first half of the 3rd century AD, from El Djem, Tunisia, in Roman Africa)

The Ides of each month were sacred to Jupiter, the Romans' supreme deity. The Flamen Dialis, Jupiter's high priest, led the "Ides sheep" (ovis Idulius) in procession along the Via Sacra to the arx, where it was sacrificed.[5]

In addition to the monthly sacrifice, the Ides of March was also the occasion of the Feast of Anna Perenna, a goddess of the year (Latin annus) whose festival originally concluded the ceremonies of the new year. The day was enthusiastically celebrated among the common people with picnics, drinking, and revelry.[6] One source from late antiquity also places the Mamuralia on the Ides of March.[7] This observance, which has aspects of scapegoat or ancient Greek pharmakos ritual, involved beating an old man dressed in animal skins and perhaps driving him from the city. The ritual may have been a new year festival representing the expulsion of the old year.[8][9]

In the later Imperial period, the Ides began a "holy week" of festivals celebrating Cybele and Attis,[10][11][12] being the day Canna intrat ("The Reed enters"), when Attis was born and found among the reeds of a Phrygian river.[13] He was discovered by shepherds or the goddess Cybele, who was also known as the Magna Mater ("Great Mother") (narratives differ).[14] A week later, on 22 March, the solemn commemmoration of Arbor intrat ("The Tree enters") commemorated the death of Attis under a pine tree. A college of priests, the dendrophoroi ("tree bearers") annually cut down a tree,[15] hung from it an image of Attis,[16] and carried it to the temple of the Magna Mater with lamentations. The day was formalized as part of the official Roman calendar under Claudius (d. 54 AD).[17] A three-day period of mourning followed,[18] culminating with celebrating the rebirth of Attis on 25 March, the date of the vernal equinox on the Julian calendar.[19]

Assassination of CaesarMain article: Assassination of Julius Caesar Reverse side of a coin issued by Caesar's assassin Brutus in the autumn of 42 BC, with the abbreviation EID MAR (Eidibus Martiis – on the Ides of March) under a "cap of freedom" between two daggers

In modern times, the Ides of March is best known as the date on which Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC. Caesar was stabbed to death at a meeting of the Senate. As many as 60 conspirators, led by Brutus and Cassius, were involved. According to Plutarch,[20] a seer had warned that harm would come to Caesar no later than the Ides of March. On his way to the Theatre of Pompey, where he would be assassinated, Caesar passed the seer and joked, "The Ides of March are come", implying that the prophecy had not been fulfilled, to which the seer replied "Aye, Caesar; but not gone."[20] This meeting is famously dramatised in William Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar, when Caesar is warned by the soothsayer to "beware the Ides of March."[21][22] The Roman biographer Suetonius[23] identifies the "seer" as a haruspex named Spurinna.

Caesar's death was a closing event in the crisis of the Roman Republic, and triggered the civil war that would result in the rise to sole power of his adopted heir Octavian (later known as Augustus).[24] Writing under Augustus, Ovid portrays the murder as a sacrilege, since Caesar was also the Pontifex Maximus of Rome and a priest of Vesta.[25] On the fourth anniversary of Caesar's death in 40 BC, after achieving a victory at the siege of Perugia, Octavian executed 300 senators and knights who had fought against him under Lucius Antonius, the brother of Mark Antony.[26] The executions were one of a series of actions taken by Octavian to avenge Caesar's death. Suetonius and the historian Cassius Dio characterised the slaughter as a religious sacrifice,[27][28] noting that it occurred on the Ides of March at the new altar to the deified Julius.

See you tomorrow

Love Yehuda Lave

Rabbi Yehuda Lave

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