Friday, August 30, 2019

Is There Life on Other Planets? The Jewish view on UFOs, aliens and extraterrestrial intelligence By Tzvi Freeman

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Yehuda Lave, Spiritual Advisor and Counselor

Yehuda Lave is an author, journalist, psychologist, rabbi, spiritual teacher and coach, with degrees in business, psychology and Jewish Law. He works  with people from all walks of life and helps them in their search for greater happiness, meaning, business advice on saving money,  and spiritual engagement


A smile costs nothing ... but gives much. It enriches those who receive it without making poorer those who give it. It takes but a moment. However, the memory of it sometimes lasts forever. None is so rich or mighty that he can get along without it. And none is so poor that he can't be made rich by it.

A smile creates happiness in the home, fosters goodwill in business... and is the countersign of friendship. It brings rest to the weary, cheer to the discouraged, sunshine to the sad. It is Nature's best antidote for trouble.

A smile cannot be bought, begged, borrowed or stolen. It is something of no value to anyone until it is given away. Some people are too tired to give you a smile. Give them one of yours. None needs a smile so much as he who has no more to give.

Love Yehuda Lave

Is There Life on Other Planets? The Jewish view on UFOs, aliens and extraterrestrial intelligence By Tzvi Freeman


Someone told me that according to Judaism, human beings are the only conscious beings in the universe. Is there any basis to this?


Certainly not!

First of all, the sages discuss the fact that animals also feel pain, based on the biblical prohibition against causing them undue suffering.1

Second, there are plenty of accounts in the Torah of the higher angels, who are conscious of a realm of reality far beyond ours.

Third, Maimonides2 and others write about the heavenly bodies as conscious beings—and not simply in an allegorical sense. If anyone should ask, "How can a ball of helium and hydrogen contain consciousness?" simply ask in return, "And that a warm mass of gray meat has consciousness is reasonable?"

The uniqueness of humankind is not our consciousness, but the way that consciousness is able to enter the realms of good and evil, make decisions and distinguish between them.

Sources in Torah

Several Torah scholars of past generations have discussed the possibility of life on other planets. Rabbi Chasdai Crescas (Spain, 1340–1411) wrote that there is nothing anywhere in Torah that negates such a possibility.3 Rabbi Yosef Albo (Spain, 1380–1444), on the other hand, disagreed.4 Rabbi Pinchas Horowitz (Poland 1765-1861), cites Albo, but rejects his thesis.5

Shortly after the first moon landing, the Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, of blessed memory, pointed out6 that there is support in Torah for the notion that life exists on other planets. Furthermore, we can know something about that life through deduction from what the Torah tells us. Here is his argument:

In the Book of Judges,7 Deborah the prophetess sings about the victory of Barak over Sisera. In her song, she says, "Cursed be Meroz! Cursed, cursed be its inhabitants, says the angel of G‑d!"

Where is Meroz, and who are its inhabitants? The Talmud8 gives two explanations, one of them being that Meroz is a star or planet. The heavenly bodies had also come to help the Israelites, as Deborah stated just one verse earlier, "From the heavens they fought, the stars from their orbits . . ." This star, however, which was the dominant star of Sisera, apparently did not come to their aid. And so, General Barak penalized Meroz—and its inhabitants.

Are these inhabitants intelligent? Intelligence is defined by Torah to mean the capacity to make decisions with free will. Free will is only possible where there is Torah, whereby the Creator offers His creatures more than one possibility and asks that they make the appropriate choice. (Torah includes the laws of Noah, which are given to all human beings.) In other words, just as we are created by the Creator's word, so we are provided free choice by His command to do or not do.

So, if there would be intelligent life elsewhere in the universe, those creatures would have to have Torah. Could they have a different Torah than us? This is not possible, since Torah is truth, and there cannot be two truths.

Could they then have the same Torah as us? This also seems impossible, since the Torah itself describes in detail how the Torah was revealed on this planet, and that account itself has a strong impact on how the Torah is to be fulfilled.

It therefore appears that although it is quite possible there is life on other planets, that life would not be intelligent in a way similar to human life and culture.

But should we be looking?

Dr. Velvl Greene was a microbiologist who was enlisted by NASA in their project to determine if there is life on Mars. He asked the Lubavitcher Rebbe privately if this was something he should be doing.

The Rebbe replied, "Dr. Greene, look for life on Mars! And if you don't find it there, look somewhere else in the universe for it. Because for you to sit here and say there is no life outside of planet Earth is to put limitations on the Creator, and that is not something any of His creatures can do!"9

Footnotes 1.

See, as examples, Talmud Baba Metzia 32a; ibid 85a.


Hilchot Yesodei HaTorah 3:9.


Ohr Hashem 4:5.


Sefer Ha'Ikrim.


Sefer HaBrit HaShalem 1:3, 4.


Shabbat Parshat Devarim 5729 (August, 1969).


Judges 5:23.


Shevuot 36a; Moed Katan 16a. See also Rashi on in Judges ad loc.


For a full account of this story, see The Rebbe and the Scientist: Looking for Life on Mars.

By Tzvi Freeman

What It's Like to Rekindle Jewish Life in Barcelona After 500 Years of Darkness

What Do Anti-Semites Have to Offer?

Anti-Semitism is a powerful, negative, thoroughly unholy phenomenon. Stripped of its negativity, however, its raw power can be used in the service of holiness.

By Michael Chighel

What Do You Know About Ancient Shiloh?

Shiloh is an ancient city located 40 kilometers north of Jerusalem. For generations, it was Israel's spiritual center.

By Doron Kornbluth and Seth Aronstam

Shiloh is an ancient city located 40 kilometers north of Jerusalem. For generations, it was Israel's spiritual center.

The First Holy Temple was built in Jerusalem by King Solomon, roughly three thousand years ago. Until then, G‑d's "home" — the Mishkan (Tabernacle) — was in Shiloh. Indeed, Jewish spiritual life was centered there — and Jews performed aliyah l'regel (pilgrimage) and brought offerings there — for 369 years, until the death of Eli, the High Priest, when the Ark was stolen by the Philistines and, it seems, Shiloh was destroyed (I Samuel, chapter 4).

Identification of the ruin as ancient Shiloh has been nearly unanimous. Local Arabs preserved the name ("Seilon"), and there are storehouses and signs of destruction that have been dated to the right time period. Furthermore, the location fits descriptions in the Torah almost perfectly.

For much of Jewish history, Shiloh was a symbol of destruction. Indeed, when the prophet Jeremiah warns Jerusalem about its sinfulness (Jeremiah 7:12), he says (in the Name of G‑d) "Go now to My place that is in Shiloh, where I caused My Name to rest at first, and see what I did to it because of the wickedness of My people Israel."

That being said, Shiloh itself is hardly depressing. When Jacob calls his sons together to bless them (Genesis 49:10), he says of Judah, "The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, as long as men come to Shiloh…" What is this "Shiloh"? The famous commentator Rashi declares that Shiloh refers to "Moshiach," the Messiah himself, meaning that Shiloh is a symbol of Redemption.

In 1978, modern Shiloh was established beside the ancient site. It now includes four thousand people, a hesder yeshiva where boys study Torah alongside army service, a kollel where married men study, and much more. Interestingly, the town's main synagogue was designed to replicate the original Mishkan from the Bible. Today, Shiloh has become a symbol of Jews identifying with the past and yearning for the future.

Modern Shilo built its synagogue to resemble the ancient Mishkan (tabernacle). By Doron Kornbluth and Seth Aronstam Doron Kornbluth is an author, internationally renowned speaker, and inspirational licensed Israeli Tour Guide. His articles, newsletter, books, tours of Israel, and international seminars and talks help inspire Jewish identity. Doron is one of the bestselling authors in the Jewish world. His books include Why Be Jewish? Raising Kids to LOVE Being Jewish, Cremation or Burial? A Jewish View, The Jewish Holiday Handbook, and Why Marry Jewish? (all by Mosaica Press). An engaging popular lecturer, Doron speaks in over 50 cities a year to all types of audiences on many subjects. Doron is also an experienced and licensed Israeli Tour Guide. He began guiding youth groups around Israel in the 1990's and offers fascinating and inspirational tours to individuals, families and groups. For more information, visit his website. Seth Aronstam was born and raised in South Africa and now lives with his wife and children in the Beit Shemesh area of Israel. In college, he studied graphic design and advertising. Over the last twenty years, he has established himself as one of the premier art directors, graphic designers, and visual artists in Israel, South Africa, and the United States. He has worked with some of the most prestigious graphics and advertising firms in the world. Seth's passion is photography. He has developed new techniques and was, for example, one of the first photographers in Israel to use advanced drones for still photography. With a keen eye, tremendous technical know-how, and endless patience, he has taken some of the best photographs ever taken of the Holy Land. For the first time, in Inspirational Israel, his amazing photographs are available to all.

Excerpted and Adapted with permission from the acclaimed Inspirational Israel (Mosaica Press, 2019) More from Doron Kornbluth  |  RSS

Dogs react to $3000 Robot Dog

Watch these dogs' hilarious reactions as they meet an Aibo for the very first time. Excited to bring to you today the magical Sony Aibo, a new artificial intelligence dog created by Sony to be as real as a robot dog can be. Let's see how the Aibo interacts with real dogs! Why Do People Love the Sony Aibo Robot Dog?: Revenge of the dogs: Sony Aibo does not impress your furry friends We played with Aibo: Sony's $2,899 robot dog Sony Aibo: what it's like to live with a robot dog

Backfire! Sleep apps may actually be causing insomnia | Consumer Tech Update from Kim Komando

Is there an app for that? People wanting a good night's sleep are downloading apps they think will help them go to dreamland. But now, a doctor in London says the apps don't have the intended effect, and Kim explains why.

The Opening of the Academy Awards: 1965 Oscars

Bob Hope opens the 37th Academy Awards, and Claudia Cardinale and Steve McQueen present the Oscar for Sound to the Warner Bros. Studio Sound Department (accepted by George R. Groves, Sound Director) for My Fair Lady. Introduced by Arthur Freed with orchestra conducted by Johnny Green. Featuring red carpet arrivals and overture with Gregory Peck, Dick Van Dyke, Richard Chamberlain, Joan Marshall, Agnes Moorehead, Greer Garson, Ann-Margret, Roger Smith, Deborah Kerr, Anthony Quinn, George Hamilton, Lila Kedrova, Jane Fonda, Roger Vadim, Army Archerd, Vince Edwards, Audrey Hepburn, Rex Harrison, Julie Andrews, Gladys Cooper, Jack L. Warner, Debbie Reynolds, Buster Keaton and more. Watch more of the 1965 Oscars:

See you Sunday bli neder Shabbat Shalom

Love Yehuda Lave

Rabbi Yehuda Lave

PO Box 7335, Rehavia Jerusalem 9107202


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Thursday, August 29, 2019

10 famous Jewish Jokes and A Letter From the Rebbe: Moon Landing and Torah By Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, The Lubavitcher Rebbe

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Yehuda Lave, Spiritual Advisor and Counselor

Yehuda Lave is an author, journalist, psychologist, rabbi, spiritual teacher and coach, with degrees in business, psychology and Jewish Law. He works  with people from all walks of life and helps them in their search for greater happiness, meaning, business advice on saving money,  and spiritual engagement

One time I returned from a meeting to find a Meter Maid (does anyone still use that name?) writing a parking ticket for my car.

When she looked up, I smiled and said, "This is my car. When you finish writing the ticket, you may give it to me."

She looked completely puzzled ... and then asked in disbelief, "You're not going to yell at me for writing the ticket?" "No," I replied, "I thought I had enough money in the meter. I was wrong. I'm late. I deserve the ticket." She stood in disbelief ... and then she tore up the ticket saying, "All day long people yell and scream at me not to write a ticket; I can't write a ticket to the one person who treats me like a human being."

Life is like a mirror. The people you see reflect back to you the way you present yourself. If you look happy, they will respond buoyantly. If you look upset, they will be cautious or concerned. If you want a joyous life try to be happy around others. It will make it easier on them and more enjoyable for you. (Remember, everyone causes happiness ... some when they come, some when they leave. )

The Torah teaches us, "Love your fellow human being as yourself" (Leviticus 19:18). It is often translated as "Love your neighbor as yourself." However, Rabbi Mordechai Gifter taught that while the words "neighbor" and "fellow human being" are often used synonymously, in everyday speech the word "neighbor" is used to denote someone living or located nearby, while the obligation of this commandment includes a complete stranger who lives far away.

The general rule for this commandment is that anything you would want others to do for you, you should do for others (Rambam, Hilchos Aivel 14:1). The great Hillel once taught a convert, "That which is hateful to you, do not do unto others. That is the basis of the Torah. (Shabbos 31a). The Baal Shem Tov used to say, "Love your fellow man as yourself - though you have many faults, nevertheless, you still love yourself. That is how you should feel toward your friend. Despite his faults, love him."

Love Yehuda Lave

10 famous Jewish jokes

The 10 Best, Most Classic Jewish Jokes


Dare to search "Jewish Jokes" on the ole' internet search engine and you'll find a whole lot of extremely cool, very original jokes about the Holocaust, and money-grubbing, and overbearing mothers. Ah yes, thousands of years of culture and tradition, distilled! Ah, our peals of laughter!

Scroll far away from that hateful racket and join us here at the scene of the classics — jokes told by Jews, about Jews, that gently mock, rather than discriminate against, Jews. These are jokes that have been told and told again in the Borscht Belt and at the bridge table.

1. The waiter joke

A group of five Jewish women are eating lunch in a busy cafe. Nervously, their waiter approaches the table. "Ladies," he says. "Is anything okay?"

2. The desert island joke

A Jewish man is shipwrecked on a desert island. He's stuck for years! Using materials from around the island, he builds a house, a store, and a synagogue. Eventually, he's made a whole neighborhood.

One day, he's rescued by a passing ship. The sailors help him collect his few possessions and get ready to leave the island forever. Just before they leave, one of the sailors says, "Hey! Why'd you build two synagogues?"

The man rolls his eyes. "This," he says, pointing at one building, "Is my synagogue."

"And that," he says, pointing at the other, "Is the one I would never set foot in!"

3. The (loving) Jewish mothers joke

Three Jewish mothers are sitting on a bench, arguing over which one's son loves her the most. The first one says, "You know, my son sends me flowers every Shabbos."

"You call that love?" says the second mother. "My son calls me every day!"

"That's nothing," says the third woman. "My son is in therapy five days a week. And the whole time, he talks about me!"

4. The rabbi joke

A synagogue has a mice problem. The custodian tries traps, bait, mice, everything. Nothing works. Finally, he goes to the rabbi and explains the problem. "I have the solution," the rabbi says. "Well, what is it?" says the custodian. "It's a foolproof plan," the rabbi says, smiling. "I'll give them all Bar Mitzvahs — we'll never see them again!"

5. The Israeli joke

A group of people standing on a subway platform — an American, a Russian, and an Israeli. A reporter approaches and says, "Excuse me, can I get your opinion about the meat shortage?"

"What's a shortage?" says the American.

"What's meat?" says the Russian.

"What's excuse me?" says the Israeli.

6. The other rabbi joke

A rabbi is harboring a secret — she has always wanted to try pork. One night she drives across town to the furthest restaurant from her shul and orders an entire suckling pig. Just as the waiter sets down the full roast pig with an apple in its mouth, she sees a group of her congregants has walked in and is watching her, mouths open. The rabbi widens her eyes, "So nu, what kind of place is this?" she says. "You order an apple and look how it's served!"

7. The hospital joke

An elderly Jewish man faints and is rushed to the nearest hospital. A nurse tucks him into bed and says, "Mr. Schwartzman, are you comfortable?" Schwartzman replies, "I make a living…!"

8. The grandparent joke

A Jewish grandfather takes his grandchildren to the beach. They're playing in the sand when suddenly, a massive wave comes and pulls the smallest grandson out into the water. Panicked, the grandfather prays to God. "Oh God, please bring him back! Please let him live!" Suddenly, an even bigger wave bursts out of the ocean, setting the little boy down right at his grandfather's feet. He scoops him up into a hug. Then he stares up at the sky and says, "He had a hat."

9. Yes, another rabbi joke

A celebrated Orthodox rabbi gets to heaven and an angel takes him to a banquet that has been prepared in his honor. "We will serve you the most tender meat, the juiciest fish, and fragrant wine," the angel tells him. "But who was the Mashgiach for this meal?" the rabbi asks. "Ah," says the angel. "In your honor, God was the Mashgiach."

"Thanks," says the rabbi. "But I'll just stick with the fish."

10. The sports joke

A yeshiva decides to start a crew team. But no matter how much they practice, they lose every single race. Eventually they decide to send one boy down to the nearby prep school as a spy, to watch their winning crew team and find out what their secret is. After a day of reconnaissance, the boy comes back. "Listen!" he tells his teammates. "I learned how they do it — they have eight guys rowing, and only one guy screaming!"

Jerusalem mayor boasts of free WiFi in city center '10x faster' than Tel Aviv's | The Times of Israel

THE NEW ANT and the Grasshopper, Two Versions




This one is a little different ...

Two Different Versions ...
Two Different Morals




The ant works
hard in the withering heat all summer long, building his house and laying up supplies for the winter.


The grasshopper
thinks the ant is a fool and laughs and dances and plays the summer away.


Come winter, the ant is warm
and well fed.


The grasshopper has
no food or shelter, so he
dies out in the cold.




Be responsible for yourself!




The ant works hard
in the withering heat and the rain all summer long, building his house
and laying up supplies for the winter.


The grasshopper thinks the ant
is a fool and laughs and dances and plays the summer away.


Come winter, the shivering grasshopper
calls a press conference and demands to know why the ant should be
allowed to be warm and well fed while he is cold and starving..


and ABC show up to
provide pictures of the shivering grasshopper
next to a video of the ant
in his comfortable home with a table filled with food.
America is stunned by the sharp contrast.



How can this be, that in a country of such wealth, this poor grasshopper
is allowed to suffer so?

Kermit the Frog appears
on Oprah
with the grasshopper
and everybody cries when they sing, 'It's Not Easy Being Green'

Occupy the Anthill stages
a demonstration in front of the ant's house where the news stations film the

Black Lives Matter group singing, We shall overcome.


Then Reverend Al Sharpton 
has the group kneel down to pray for the grasshopper
while he damns the ants. He later appears on MSNBC to complain that rich people do not care.


Former President Obama condemns the ant
and blames
Donald Trump, President Bush 43, President Bush 41, President Reagan, Christopher Columbus, and the
for the grasshopper's


Nancy Pelosi & Chuck Schumer   
exclaim in an interview on The View
that the ant has
gotten rich off the back of the
and both call for an immediate tax hike on the ant to make him pay his fair share.


Finally, the EEOC drafts 
the Economic Equity &
Anti-Grasshopper Act
retroactive to the beginning of
the summer.

The ant is fined for failing to hire a proportionate number
of green bugs and,
having; nothing left to pay his retroactive taxes, his home is confiscated by the

Government Green Czar, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and given to the grasshopper.


The story ends as we see the grasshopper
and his free-loading friends finishing up the last bits of the ant's food while the government house he is in,

which, as you recall, just happens to be the ant's old house,
crumbles around them because the grasshopper doesn't maintain it.


The ant has disappeared in the snow, never to be seen again.


The grasshopper is found dead in a drug related incident, and the house, now abandoned, is taken
over by a gang of spiders who terrorize the ramshackle, once prosperous and peaceful, neighborhood.


The entire Nation collapses
bringing the rest
of the free world with it.




Be careful how you vote in 2020.


Chabad couple detail life as members of Aruba's Jewish community | The Jerusalem post

A Hot Drink on a Hot Day Can Cool You Down Read more:

A rigorous experiment revealed that on a hot, dry day, drinking a hot beverage can help your body stay cool
Read more:

By Joseph Stromberg

Here in Washington, we finally got a slight break from what is shaping up to be one of the hottest summers in recent memory for pretty much the whole country. As we pondered the fact that this sort of weather could well become the norm in future decades due to climate change, we also remembered a counterintuitive cooling technique that many of us had heard of but doubted. In many countries around the world, conventional wisdom says that you can cool down on a hot day by drinking a hot beverage.

We got in touch with Ollie Jay, a researcher at University of Ottawa's School of Human Kinetics—and an expert in all things sweat-related—to ask a pressing question: is this claim for real? His Thermal Ergonomics Lab, it turned out, had published a study on this topic just a few months ago.

Their answer, in short: Yes, a hot drink can cool you down, but only in specific circumstances. "If you drink a hot drink, it does result in a lower amount of heat stored inside your body, provided the additional sweat that's produced when you drink the hot drink can evaporate," Jay says.

How does this work? "What we found is that when you ingest a hot drink, you actually have a disproportionate increase in the amount that you sweat," Jay says. "Yes, the hot drink is hotter than your body temperature, so you are adding heat to the body, but the amount that you increase your sweating by—if that can all evaporate—more than compensates for the the added heat to the body from the fluid."

The increased rate of perspiration is the key. Although sweat may seem like a nuisance, the body perspires for a very good reason. When sweat evaporates from the skin, energy is absorbed into the air as part of the reaction, thereby cooling the body. A larger amount of sweat means more cooling, which more than counteracts the small amount of heat contained in a hot beverage relative to the entire body.

The caveat, though, is that all that extra sweat produced as a result of the hot drink actually has to evaporate for it to have a cooling effect. "On a very hot and humid day, if you're wearing a lot of clothing, or if you're having so much sweat that it starts to drip on the ground and doesn't evaporate from the skin's surface, then drinking a hot drink is a bad thing," Jay says. "The hot drink still does add a little heat to the body, so if the sweat's not going to assist in evaporation, go for a cold drink."

Jay's team got to the bottom of the "hot drink" tip by rigorously testing the idea on cyclists in a lab. Each cyclist was equipped with skin temperature sensors and a mouthpiece measuring the amount of oxygen consumed and carbon dioxide produced, which indicated the amount of heat produced by the body's metabolism. The researchers also carefully tracked the air temperature and humidity, among other factors. The data yielded an overall picture of how much heat each cyclist produced and how much each released to the environment, and those drinking hot water (roughly 122 degrees F) stored less heat in their bodies than the others.

The researchers are still unsure why hot drinks lead the body to produce more sweat, but they have an idea. "It's commonly thought that the hot drinks raise your core temperature, but we found that that isn't the case," Jay says. "What we think is that it's the thermosensors that line the throat and mouth that elicit the additional sweating response." He notes that additional research is needed to pinpoint the exact location of these sensors.

To be clear, the tip only works in very specific circumstances: a hot, dry day, where you're not wearing so much clothing that your sweat is prevented from easily evaporating. In other words, if you're in a humid locale—for example, anywhere on the East Coast—don't try drinking hot water. But on a hot day in the desert, a cup of hot tea might actually be the trick to help cool you down.

Read more:
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A Letter From the Rebbe: Moon Landing and Torah By Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, The Lubavitcher Rebbe

By the Grace of G‑d
22nd of Iyar, 5721
[May 8, 1961]
Brooklyn, NY

Greetings and Blessings:

I received your letter of April 24th, in which you write about the apparent contradiction between the latest scientific attempts to penetrate outer space, especially reaching the moon, which seems to you to contradict the statement in the Torah, "The Heavens belong to G‑d, and the earth He gave to the children of man."

Actually there is no contradiction at all, if you consider the term "earth" not in the narrow sense referring only to our globe, but in its proper sense, as meant in this verse, which includes also the atmosphere and the whole physical universe, with which mankind is concerned and directly affected by. We must not confuse the terms Heaven and the planets. The stars, planets, moon, etc. are not called Heaven, since Heaven is something spiritual, whereas those planets are physical and belong in the physical universe.

The fact that G‑d created the so-called heavenly bodies to serve our world, and to give light, warmth, and energy to it, and placed them in the firmament of the sky at a certain distance from our earth, does not preclude man's attempt to learn all about them. Similarly, when the Torah states that G‑d placed the moon in the sky so to give light on earth, this does not exclude the possibility of man's landing on it at some future time. The meaning of the verse "the Heavens belong to G‑d, etc.," is in the sense that while G‑d is everywhere, including the Heavens, man was placed in the physical universe, and is part of it, and, therefore, must make the most of it, as long as there is life on this earth. There is nothing in actual scientific experiments and accomplishments that contradict the Torah, nor is there such a possibility since the Torah is Truth.

Judging by your writing and background, I firmly hope that you are conducting your daily life in strict accordance with the Torah, which is called Toras Chaim, the Law of Life, and the Mitzvahs whereby Jews live, and that you attempt to make steady advancement along this road, in compliance with the principle that "all things of holiness should be on the upgrade."

With blessing,

By Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, The Lubavitcher Rebbe Letter of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, of righteous memory.
This is a transcribed copy of the original letter (we do not have the original). As such, we cannot be certain that the text is free of errors.

See you tomorrow

Love Yehuda Lave

Rabbi Yehuda Lave

PO Box 7335, Rehavia Jerusalem 9107202


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