Shulchan Aruch For Bnei Noach Set To Be Published and TAU Researchers Find Teeth of Both Modern Men and Neanderthals in Galilee Cave By David Israel and Beatles "A hard day's night" and how to fight the cities with new Shabbat Desecration
Yehuda Lave is an author, journalist, psychologist, rabbi, spiritual teacher and coach, with degrees in business, psychology and Jewish Law. He works with people from all walks of life and helps them in their search for greater happiness, meaning, business advice on saving money, and spiritual engagement
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The world is full of wonders and miracles but man takes his little hand and covers his eyes and sees nothing.
TAU Researchers Find Teeth of Both Modern Men and Neanderthals in Galilee Cave By David Israel
Who were the Aurignacians who lived in the Levant 40,000 years ago? Until recently, little evidence, human remains or otherwise, had been found to possibly tell their story.
Now, researchers from Tel Aviv University, the Israel Antiquities Authority and Ben-Gurion University have found that these culturally sophisticated humans migrated from Europe to the Levant some 40,000 years ago—shedding light on a significant era in the region's history.
The Aurignacian culture first appeared in Europe some 43,000 years ago and is known for having produced bone tools, artifacts, jewelry, musical instruments and cave paintings.
For years, researchers believed that modern man's entry into Europe led to the rapid decline of the Neanderthals, either through violent confrontation or wresting control of food sources. But recent genetic studies have shown that Neanderthals did not vanish but rather assimilated into modern human immigrant populations. This new study adds further evidence to substantiate this theory.
Dr. Rachel Sarig / Tel Aviv University Spokesperson
Through cutting-edge dental research on six human teeth discovered at Manot Cave in the western Galilee, Dr. Racheli Sarig of TAU's School of Dental Medicine, and Dan David Center for Human Evolution and Bio-History Research, in collaboration with Dr. Omry Barzilai of the Israel Antiquities Authority and colleagues in Austria and the US, have shown that Aurignacians arrived from Europe in modern-day Israel some 40,000 years ago – and these Aurignacians were comprised of both Neanderthals and Homo Sapiens.
"Unlike bones, teeth are preserved well as they are made of enamel, which is the substance in the human body most resistant to the effects of time," Dr. Sarig explained. "The structure, shape, and topography – surface bumps – of the teeth provided important genetic information. We were able to use the external and internal shape of the teeth found in the cave to associate them with typical hominin groups: Neanderthal and Homo sapiens."
Upper and lower molars from Manot cave, dated 38,000 years ago, showing a mixture of characteristics. / Dr. Rachel Sarig
The researchers performed in-depth lab tests using micro-CT scans and 3D analyses on four of the teeth. The results surprised the researchers: two teeth showed a typical morphology for Homo sapiens; one tooth showed features characteristic of Neanderthals and the last showed a combination of Neanderthal and Homo sapiens features.
This combination of Neanderthal and modern human features has so far only been found in European populations from the early Upper Paleolithic period, suggesting their common origin.
"Following the migration of European populations into this region, a new culture existed in our region for a short time – approximately 2-3,000 years – and then disappeared for no apparent reason," Dr. Sarig said. "Now we know something about their makeup."
"To date, we have not found any human remains from this period in Israel," noted Prof. Israel Hershkowitz, head of the Dan David Center, "So the group remains a mystery. This groundbreaking study brings for the first time the story of the population responsible for some of the world's most important cultural contributions."
Apartheid on Temple Mount: Police Block Jews from Using Drinking Fountains By David Israel
Zionist watchdog group Im Tirtzu on Wednesday released a video showing Israeli police officers physically blocking Jewish visitors on the Temple Mount from using the compound's water fountain.
Im Tirtzu's Tamir Baram, who was among the Jews prevented from drinking water on the Temple Mount, said: "We've gotten to such an absurd situation on the Temple Mount in which something so elementary as drinking water is being prevented from Jews. For those who forgot, the Temple Mount is Judaism's holiest site – and we deserve to be treated there with respect rather than with discrimination."
CHILUL SHABBOS by Rav Moshe Sternbuch, shlita
A group of activists came to visit Rav Sternbuch a few days ago, asking him for instructions as to how to respond to the increase of chilul Shabbos, such as new public transportation on Shabbos in several towns throughout Eretz Yisroel. Rav Sternbuch responded as follows:
1. Rabbonim should make it clear in droshos to their congregants that by cancelling Shabbos in Jewish towns, we are exposing ourselves to great danger, because we made a covenant with Hashem to observe Shabbos and to make sure it is not desecrated, and if we do not keep our part of the covenant, Hashem will not keep His part chas vesholom, and remove His protection from us. We, who live in the Palace of the King, are especially duty-bound to take action in this area.
2. We have to announce and publicize to our erring brethren in towns which have public transportation running on Shabbos the severity of the prohibition of traveling on Shabbos, and that they should not think that they can remain connected to Jewish tradition and to the features of Shabbos if they use public transportation on this day. They have to be made aware that by traveling on Shabbos they are detaching themselves from religion, and causing harm to themselves, and if, on the other hand, they refrain from doing so, their reward is very great.
3. To see which bus companies are being mechalel Shabbos, and to announce that people should not use these companies, to the extent that this is feasible, so that "a sinner will not be rewarded for his sin".
4. To organize a huge demonstration to be attended by people throughout the country on a weekday. Bochurim and avreichim should also attend. Jews are obligated to keep the Torah and Shabbos, and by being mevatel Torah they are upholding it. The Chazon Ish already noted that if people are mevatel Torah to participate in the Simcha of a relative or friend, how much more so should they be mevatel Torah for Hashem's honor. Such a demonstration will be"H makes a great impression in Heaven and on earth.
5. To improve our own Shabbos observance, e.g. by learning hilchos Shabbos, being careful to observe all the hilchos Shabbos, setting aside as much time as possible time for learning, praying and singing zemiros with concentration, and making sure that our speech and thoughts are in consonance with the holy day.
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Shulchan Aruch For Bnei Noach Set To Be Published
Tzvi Fishman The Brit Olam organization is in contact with thousands of Bnei Noach who seek spiritual and halachic guidance.
Two weeks ago, with the approach of Parshat Noach, the Brit Olam World Noahide Center, founded in 2011, announced the completion of a Shulchan Aruch for Bnei Noach, written by the organization's director, Rabbi Ouri Sherki.
The Algerian-born Rabbi Sherki is also a senior lecturer at Machon Meir, head of the Beit Yehuda congregation in Jerusalem, and the author of several works, including commentaries on the Kuzari and Mesillas Yesharim.
The Jewish Press: Before we get to the new Shulchan Aruch, why did you decide to establish the Brit Olam Noahide World Center?
Rabbi Sherki: One of the principle tasks of Am Yisrael is to be a light unto the nations. The Jewish people have been blessed with special talent – prophecy – which enables us to be in close connection with Hashem and to receive and disseminate His teachings to mankind. We were Divinely chosen to communicate the word of Hashem to the world ever since Avraham.
King David exhorts us to "tell His glory amongst the nations." This mission culminates in the prophecy of Isaiah, when the nations shall come to Jerusalem to learn the ways of the G-d. Interestingly, it is the gentiles who say, "For out of Zion shall go forth the Torah, and the Word of the L-rd out of Jerusalem."
Already today, we see a growing interest in Judaism throughout the world. The Brit Olam Organization was established to meet this growing thirst for Hashem. Practically, it means teaching the sons of Noach the Seven Mitzvot and helping them in their desire to come closer to Hashem. For instance, a few years ago, we published a special prayer book for Bnei Noach, which we have distributed to the many Bnei Noach communities throughout the world.
In this siddur, there are prayers for Shabbat and even a Hagaddah. Does that mean Bnei Noach are allowed to fulfill all the mitzvot?
Only a person who has accepted the seven mitzvot, and the fact they derive from the Torah of Am Yisrael, is allowed to fulfill other commandments as well. The Rambam – in the Laws of Kings, Chapter 10 – discusses this matter.
For a gentile who has not accepted the commandment not to murder – what good will it do him to wave a lulav?
Who is considered a Noahide?
The term Bnei Noach refers to a specific personality who is drawn to the values of Judaism and decides to take on the sheva mitzvot Bnei Noach."
These people are characterized by a search for transcendence; they wish to find spiritual meaning in their lives. There are outstanding individuals in every nation who are capable of breaking through the material barrier of the world.
In accepting the seven commandments, and Israel as G-d's conduit to the nations, the Bnei Noach attains the spiritual elevation and harmony he seeks. While, in a general historical sense, all gentiles could be considered to be the Sons of Noach, only about 30,000 people identify themselves as committed Bnei Noach.
We try to reach them all and help others who seek to make a more genuine connection to Hashem.
What's the source of the seven commandments?
They're listed in the Talmud (Sanhedrin 56a). The authority of these laws derives from Bereshit 2:16. They were given again to the nations of the world through the teachings of Moses at Marah.
If a Christian wants to become a Bnei Noach, does he or she have to abandon Christianity?
The person has to give up the notion of a human deity, to embrace the truth of a one and only G-d, and accept the supreme spiritual authority of Judaism.
You have just completed a Shulchan Aruch for Bnei Noach. What need is there for such a comprehensive work?
It isn't enough to merely know the seven mitzvot. They must be understood in order to encourage their performance. There are many details to each commandment and many offshoots. For instance, the command not to murder. While the prohibition against murder is readily understandable to everyone, what about the prohibition against embarrassing someone in public, which is also considered a form of murder?
Another example is the prohibition against cursing Hashem. Part of this is the opposite – the obligation to praise Hashem for His goodness in various blessings and Birchat HaMazon. In this expansive manner, the book introduces Bnei Noach to an encompassing spectrum of Jewish belief and practice.
Other books about the seven mitzvot have been published, but through contact with hundreds of Bnei Noach, we discovered there was a need for a guide that explained things in a modern way for people who had no previous exposure to Judaism – clearly and concisely.
The terminology of the yeshiva world and halacha is foreign to them. I chose an almost secular style in elucidating the laws and their ramifications in perfecting human society. I also endeavored to expose readers to the universal Jewish philosophies behind the laws, to show readers how man's acceptance and performance of the seven mitzvot influences all of entire creation, not merely their own lives.
If someone is already willing to do the seven mitzvot with their details and offshoots, why not teach him the whole Torah?
Hashem created different types of people with different affinities. Physicians have to know general medicine, but not every medical student has to specialize in brain surgery. In the same way, not everyone is designed to adopt all of the Torah.
Earlier you said that there's a growing worldwide interest in Judaism. What's the cause of this interest?
The biggest factor is the incredible development of the State of Israel. For gentiles the world over, the revival of Am Yisrael in Eretz Yisrael has great spiritual significance. Coupled with this is the general malaise of modern civilization. In darkening times, people search for light. This brings them to the seven mitzvot.
The Brit Olam organization is in contact with thousands of Bnei Noach who seek spiritual and halachic guidance. We hear of new communities of Bnei Noach forming on every continent. Every day, people appear before a beit din to officially accept the status of Bnei Noach….
The redemption of Am Yisrael leads the way to tikun olam, not just for the Jews, but for the whole world. All of the wondrous technical advances we are experiencing in our time – air travel, the Internet, international Skype phone calls, and the like – are all part of Israel's redemption, speeding the world to material and spiritual perfection.
The Zohar predicted that toward the end of days, Hashem, in His love for the world, would open the gates of chochmah – a phenomena that we are experiencing today.
With so many Jews still distant from Torah, wouldn't it be more worthwhile teaching Jews rather than gentiles?
First, helping the nations of the world forge a meaningful connection with Hashem is not an extra-curriculum project for Am Yisrael. It is an integral part of our essence, as the Torah says, "In you, all the nations of the world shall be blessed."
Second, the reason many Jews are disconnected from Torah is because Judaism doesn't seem relevant to them. When Judaism is explained in its universal light, people become interested in hearing more, and that is what causes them to return.
Finally, gentiles becoming enthused about Judaism stirs Jews to take notice, as King David teaches [in the Shir HaMaalos we say before bentching], "Then it was said amongst the nations, 'The L-rd has done great things for them.'" Only then, after the gentiles recognize our special connection to Hashem, do we say [in the following verse], "The L-rd has done great things for us."