Yehuda Lave is an author, journalist, psychologist, rabbi, spiritual teacher and coach, with degrees in business, psychology and Jewish Law. He works with people from all walks of life and helps them in their search for greater happiness, meaning, business advice on saving money, and spiritual engagement
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If a person has an equal number of mitzvos and sins, he is given the opportunity to repent until Yom Kippur. If he repents, he is inscribed for life; but if not, he is inscribed for death (Maimonides, Teshuvah 3:3).
Why should people be condemned if, by Yom Kippur, their mitzvos still equal their sins? If the two exactly balance each other, should they not be judged with mercy?
Rabbi Yisrael of Salant said that the answer is obvious. If people are given the opportunity to repent for their sins, yet still fail to do so, their negligence is a sin so terrible that it outweighs all the mitzvos.
While people cannot justify their sins, they can say that the intensity of temptation was overwhelming. As one Chassidic master pleaded, "Almighty God, if You had placed the terrors of Gehinnom before people's eyes and had concealed temptation in books, I swear to You that no one would sin. But You put temptation right before people's eyes and relegated the terrors of Gehinnom to the books, where it exists as an abstraction! Is it any wonder that people sin?"Still, once the sin has been committed and the temptation assuaged, what justification can there be for not regretting that one has done wrong?
Hence, said Rabbi Yisrael of Salant, the seriousness of a failure to repent. Sin may stem from an inherent weakness; neglect to rectify past wrongs constitutes an act of defiance and an attitude of unforgivable, arrogant self-righteousness which cannot be forgiven.
Today I shall ... ... make a reckoning of things I have done, and have the courage to recognize and admit what I have done wrong.
Daily or high-potency cannabis increases risk of psychotic disorder, study finds
(CNN)Legalization of marijuana, both for medical and recreational use, continues to spread across the globe even as the possible health risks (or benefits) are not fully known. Case in point, according to new research, people who use cannabis daily, as well as those who use high-potency weed, may be three times more likely to develop psychotic disorder than never-users.
Published Tuesday in the journal the Lancet Psychiatry, the new evidence is consistent with previous experiments that suggest heavy use and high THC concentration cannabis -- a 10% concentration of THC (the psychoactive substance within cannabis) or higher -- can be harmful to mental health."Psychotic disorder," precisely, is what was studied, said Dr. Marta Di Forti, lead author and a clinician scientist at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London. "We are talking about people who meet diagnostic criteria [and] come to the attention of mental health services to receive treatment for psychosis. So they have to have symptoms of psychosis across the spectrum -- so hallucination, delusion -- that have lasted at least for a week."Daily use of cannabis Currently, medical cannabis is legal in most European countries, though recreational use is only legal in the Netherlands, Spain (under certain conditions), and Czech Republic. Many countries, though, are discussing legalization. In the United States, 10 states and the District of Columbia allow recreational sales of marijuana, while 34 states allow medical marijuana use.
To understand whether there's a connection between cannabis and psychosis, Di Forti and her co-authors looked at data from five countries in Europe -- the UK, the Netherlands, France, Spain and Italy -- and Brazil, where cannabis is illegal. They found 901 patients with a first-time episode of psychosis over a five-year period and compared them to 1,237 matched non-patients.Daily use of cannabis was more common among patients with psychosis compared to the controls, they found. About 30% of patients reported using cannabis daily compared to just 7% of non-patient controls. And use of high potency cannabis was also more common among patients than controls: 37% compared to 19%.
'Overall, people who used marijuana on a daily basis were three times more likely to have a first episode psychosis compared with people who never used weed, the researchers estimated. And this increased to five times more likely for those who daily used high-potency cannabis."High-potency cannabis contributes to incidence of psychotic disorder but doesn't explain it completely," explained Di Forti, noting that only some users develop a psychotic disorder and the reasons why not all cannabis users are equally susceptible is unclear. Still, the new study may be helpful with regard to medicinal cannabis, since some of those products may include small amounts of THC. For example, maybe psychosis should be listed among the potential side effects, she said.The study results do not provide enough information for her to say "use only this amount, only this often" to remain safe. Still, she and her co-authors estimated that one in five new cases of psychosis may be linked to daily cannabis use, and one in 10 cases linked to use of high potency cannabis.
Dr. Robin Murray, senior author of the study and a professor of psychiatric research at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London, said that "15 years ago nobody thought cannabis increased the risk for psychosis."Only gradually has evidence come out and shown that to be true, he said. Gradually, too, other explanations have been chipped away, he said: For example, some people might say that perhaps a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia led some people to use cannabis and this is the reason for higher rates of psychosis. But a study from Finland rules this out, said Murray: "There may be some genetic component but it's not the major reason."In light of the new results, is legalized cannabis a good idea? "Personally, I think it's much more important that people are educated," said Murray. "Tobacco is legal, but we've seen the consumption plummet because there's been a sustained educational campaign."'The results need to be taken seriously
"States that legalized recreational weed see increase in car accidents, studies sayBloomfield was not involved in the new study. Nor was Dr. Adrian James, registrar at the Royal College of Psychiatrists, who told Science Media Centre that the research is "good quality" and "the results need to be taken seriously.""Cannabis carries severe health risks and users have a higher chance of developing psychosis," said James. "The risks are increased when the drug is high in potency, used by children and young people and when taken frequently."Dr. Philip McGuire, a professor of Psychiatry & Cognitive Neuroscience at King's College London, told CNN that the study's finding that cannabis use is higher among patients with psychosis is "not itself new." Still the study "involves relatively large numbers of subjects and has controlled for other risk factors that might have accounted for the results" and in that way adds to what is known about marijuana, said McGuire, who played no part in the new research.
Cannabis contains two ingredients that have opposite effects on psychosis: THC induces psychotic symptoms and cannabidiol, known as CBD, reduces them, he explained.His own research has shown that "if healthy volunteers are given THC this induces transient psychotic symptoms like paranoia. However, if volunteers are given CBD beforehand, this blocks the induction of psychotic symptoms by THC," said McGuire.McGuire and his co-researchers found that adding CBD to regular antipsychotic medication reduced psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. "When we used brain scanning to measure the effects of CBD and THC on brain function, we found that they have opposite effects on brain activity, which may explain why they have opposite effects on psychotic symptoms," he said.Get CNN Health's weekly newsletter
The effect of cannabis that contains both THC and CBD depends on the relative amounts of each," he explained. "The cannabis that was available in the 1960s was relatively low in THC and high in CBD. However, these days illicit cannabis is often 'high potency,' with a high THC content and a low CBD content.""We are currently conducting research to define the ratio of CBD:THC in cannabis that is optimal for minimizing its psychotic effects," he said.
Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Why I changed my mind about marijuana
CNN's Dr. Sanjay Gupta explains how he changed his mind about using marijuana for medicinal purposes and why he wrote Attorney General Jeff Sessions asking him to reconsider US marijuana laws.
Teens aren't just smoking cannabis, study says -- they're eating and vaping it, too By Naomi Thomas, CNN
Smoking isn't the only way teens are using cannabis. According to a study published Friday in the medical journal JAMA Network Open, they are also vaping it or using edibles.
The study surveyed 3,177 10th graders in southern California in 2015 and 1,077 reported ever using cannabis.It found that 61.7% of those who had used cannabis had tried at least two methods -- combustible, edible or vaporized cannabis.
Use of all three cannabis products was reported by 8.2% of those who'd used it."We found that cannabis use was highly prevalent, but what was interesting and new was that the majority of youth who had used cannabis in one form had not only used just one type of cannabis, but they used two or more different types of cannabis products," said Adam Leventhal, lead author of the study and director of the University of Southern California
Of those participants who had ever used cannabis, 31.3% had used combustible cannabis, 21.3% had used edibles and 10.5% had used vaporized cannabis. Those who had used cannabis in the past 30 days followed the same pattern."While use of the traditional smoked form of cannabis was still the most popular form, we did find a sizable portion of teens who had never smoked cannabis, but did report using edibles or vaporized," Leventhal said.Among the 1,077 who had ever used any type of cannabis, 7.8% had never smoked it; 2.9% were exclusive vaporized cannabis users and 4.2% were exclusive edible users.
"Vaping is the newest and most substantial trend in adolescent cannabis use," Richard Meich, principal investigator at Monitoring the Future and professor at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, said via email. He was not involved with this study.Previous research by Monitoring the Future found that in 2017 more than one in four US 12th graders had reported vaping cannabis in the past year."Adolescent cannabis use has been pretty steady the past couple of years," Meich said, "so it doesn't appear that these new alternatives are drawing in new cannabis users, at least not yet. Adolescents may be supplementing their standard cannabis smoking with new forms of cannabis use, or they may be substituting new forms (e.g. vaping and edibles) for smoking."
Marijuana and the Young Brain
Jodi Gilman, PhD, is the director of neuroscience at the Center for Addiction Medicine. Her research examines how marijuana affects the teen brain. Her team's research has shown that the level of memory decline from marijuana is dependent on the age at which a young person begins using. She notes that this is a matter of public health concern as marijuana use has been shown to affect learning and has been strongly linked to the development of psychotic disorder. Advances in Motion provides health care professionals with information about the latest breakthroughs, research and clinical advances from Massachusetts General Hospital.
To blaze or not to blaze: the effects of marijuana on your body
With the recent legalization of marijuana in Canada, many people wonder what specific effects marijuana has on the body. This video addresses the different ways marijuana can be taken, how these differ from one another and different provincial and federal marijuana regulations. This video was made by McMaster Demystifying Medicine students Navjot Mann, Monica Takahashi, Muriel Tang, and Pari Yazdanshenas Copyright McMaster University 2018
Your Brain on Drugs: Marijuana 12,000,000 views
This is what you look like, on the inside, when smoking cannabis. The effects of Marijuana on your brain, and how it defines your experience. Written and created by Mitchell Moffit (twitter @mitchellmoffit) and Gregory Brown (twitter @whalewatchmeplz).
'A hero of the Jewish people'
Diaspora Affairs Minister Bennett comments on death of Lori Gilbert Kaye in Poway Chabad attack, noting her heroism at the scene.
Lori Gilbert Kaye
60-year-old Lori Gilbert Kaye is the woman who was murdered in the shooting attack at the Chabad synagogue near San Diego on Saturday.
Three other people were injured in the shooting attack. The suspected shooter was apprehended.
Minister of Diaspora Affairs, Naftali Bennett, this morning commented on the death of Kaye, who sadly succumbed to her wounds sustained in the brutal terror attack on the Chabad synagogue in Poway, California during Saturday morning prayers, on the last day of Passover there.
Minister Bennett labelled Lori a hero of the Jewish people, and noted, "As more details emerge of the abhorrent attack in Poway Chabad in California, in Israel we are waking up to hear of a great tragedy for all the Jewish people.
He stressed, "Lori Gilbert Kaye, of blessed memory, is a Jewish hero, and will be remembered as a hero in Jewish history. She sacrificed her own life, throwing herself in the path of the murderer's bullets to save the life of the Rabbi. But it is clear that such heroism and good deeds are not only characteristic of dear Lori in death, but this is the way she lived her life - at the heart of her community, constantly doing charity and good deeds for those in need. She has been described by those who knew her as an 'Eshet Chayil', a 'Woman of Valour', and I would add, a true Hero of Israel."
"Our thoughts and prayers are with her husband and daughter, may they find great comfort in Lori's tremendous example and courage."
Recite the Prayer by Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai on Lag Baomer This prayer by Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai (known by the acrostic the Rashb"i) is recorded in the Zohar (Part II, 206) and is recited every time we take the Torah from the Ark. Aside from addressing the grandeur of G-d and pleading for compassion and mercy, it focuses on parnassa (livelihood), arichas yomim (long life) and blessed, honest and good children. Please recite it on Lag Baomer, focusing word by word, for that day is the hilula (anniversary of the passing of the Rashb"i). Moreover, in Bechoros 31b, Rabbi Yochanan quotes the Rashb"i: Any talmid chacham (Torah scholar) in whose name a Torah matter is quoted in this world, his lips mouth the words in the grave – as though he were speaking! How meaningful is this for one who recites the Brich Shmei prayer in Meron at the tomb of the Rashb"i.
בְּרִיךְ שְׁמֵהּ דְּ מרֵא עלְֿ מא, בְּרִיךְ כִּתְרךְ וְ אתְרךְ. יְהֵא רְעוּ תךְ עִם ע מּךְ יִשְׂראֵל לְ ע לם, וּפֻרְ קן יְמִי נךְ אחֲזֵי לְ ע מּךְ בְּבֵית מקְדְּֿ שׁךְ, וּלְ אמְטֽוּיֵי ל נא מִטּוּב נְהוֹרךְ, וּלְ קבֵּל צְלוֹ ת נא בְּרחֲמִין. יְהֵא רעֲוא קֳ ד מךְ, דְּתוֹרִיךְ לן חיִּין בְּטִיבוּ תא, וְלֶהֱוֵי אֲ נא פְקִי דא בְּגוֹ צדִּי ק יּא, לְמִרְ חם ע לי וּלְמִנְ טר יתִי וְ ית כּל דִּי לִי, וְדִי לְ ע מּךְ יִשְׂראֵל. אנְתְּ הוּא זן לְכֹֽ לּא, וּמְ פרְנֵס לְכֹֽ לּא, אנְתְּ הוּא שׁלִּיט על כֹּֽ לּא. אנְתְּ הוּא דְּ שׁלִּיט על מלְ כיּא, וּ מלְכוּ תא דִי לךְ הִיא. אֲ נא עבְ דּא דְקֻדְ שׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא, דְּ ס "גידְ נא קמֵּהּ וּמִ קּ מּא דִי קר אוֹריְתֵהּ בְּ כל עִ דּן וְעִ דּן. לא על אֱ נשׁ ר "חיצְ נא, וְ לא על בּר אֱ להִין ס "מיכְ נא, אֶ לּא בֶּאֱ ל הא דִשְׁ מיּא, דְּהוּא אֱ ל הא קְשׁוֹט, וְאוֹריְתֵהּ קְשׁוֹט, וּנְבִיאֽוֹהִי קְשׁוֹט, וּ מסְגֵּא לְמֶעְ בּד טבְון וּקְשׁוֹט. בֵּהּ אֲ נא רחִיץ, וְלִשְׁמֵהּ קדִּי שׁא יקִּי רא אֲ נא אֵ מר תֻּשְׁבְּֿ חן. יְהֵא רעֲוא קֳ ד מךְ, דְּתִפְ תּח לִ בּאִי בְּאוֹריְ תא, וְ תשְׁלִים מִשְׁאֲלִין דְּלִ בּאִי, וְלִ בּא דְ כל ע מּךְ יִשְׂראֵל, לְ טב וּלְ חיִּין וְלִשְׁ לם. ( אמֵן.) < with < May Your favor be and Your place. « is Your crown < < blessed of the universe; » of the Master < < is the Name < Blessed < to extend » in Your holy Temple, to Your people < may You display < of Your right hand < and the salvation < » forever, < Israel Your people < that You extend < < before You < the will May it be < « with mercy. < our prayers and to accept < of Your light, » of the goodness < < to us and protect < » on me that You have mercy < the righteous; » < among < am counted < I and it should be that < » with goodness, < life for us < and sustains < < all nourishes < <Who < It is You « Israel. belongs to Your people < and [all] that < is mine » < that < and all » me, < and kingship » kings, < over < rules <Who < It is You everything. « < over < rules < Who < it is You » all; the glory < < and before before Him < and prostrate myself < » is He, < Blessed of the Holy One, < < a servant < I am « is Yours. » do I rely < any angel < on < nor do I put trust, » any man < < in < Not « times. < at all < of His Torah are true, » Whose prophets < » is truth, < Whose Torah » of truth, < the God < Who is < of heaven, < on the God <— only < I and glorious — » < —holy and to His Name » » trust, < I In Him < « and truth. with kindness < < acts and Who abundantly < < the wishes and that You fulfill < » to the Torah, < my heart that You open < before You < < the will May it be < « praises. < declare « (Amen.) and for peace. « < for life, for good, < » Israel, Your people < < of all and the heart < of my heart < ~ תפלה להתפלל אצל ציון הרשב״י
See you tomorrow, I hope I have given you something to think about
Love Yehuda Lave
Rabbi Yehuda Lave
2850 Womble Road, Suite 100-619, San Diego United States