Wednesday, April 12, 2017

The 8 Ingredients for Einstein's Problem Solving Recipe

Rabbi Yehuda Lave from


Use Only Your Pleasant Voice

Use a pleasant tone of voice when speaking with others.

We all sound much different when we speak with our best tones of voice that we do at our worse. You recognize this more when someone speaks to you. Every time you don't like the tone of voice that someone uses when speaking to you, let it serve as a reminder to speak in a pleasant tone of voice to others.

I had a beautiful Seder that I conducted with my friends Sara And Avraham in the coastal city of Ashkelon. For me it was next year in Jerusalem but all of Israel is wonderul

Tonight on the return from my Chol Amoud tip join me with a free concert:

Solomon Brothers Concert – FREE

This Chol Hamoed come to YES Planet to enjoy a FREE concert by the Solomon Brothers from Moshav Mevo Modiin. At 8:15 pm - 11:00 pm

Great for the whole family!

Love Yehuda Lave

The 8 Ingredients for Einstein's Problem Solving Recipe
Have you ever had a problem that you didn't quite know how to get to the bottom of? I know I have – we've all been there. Facing problems that make it seem like there's no positive end in sight is a fact of life for all of us. How we come out the other side is all down to perspective, and no other than the greatest physicist ever to live, Albert Einstein, was a firm believer in this philosophy. In fact, he once said:

"If I had an hour to solve a problem, I'd spend 55 minutes thinking about the problem and five minutes thinking about the solution."

He believed that by looking at a problem from all possible perspectives, the solution to it became apparent all by itself. Here are the 8 ingredients for Albert Einstein's problem-solving recipe, which you can apply to a problem you may be facing in your life:

1. Define the Problem in a Different Way
Choosing the right words in relation to a problem is essential for arriving at a solution. In other words, if you take the time to define a problem properly, you also make it easier to solve.

You can do this in three easy steps, namely exploring the current situation in which the problem can be found, explaining what the results of that exploration are in a single, clearly defined statement ("the problem I'm trying to solve is: ____________"), then asking yourself why what you're trying to solve is a problem in the first place. Each time you answer that question, ask "why" once again until you get to the very core.

2. View the Problem from a Higher Perspective
Most problems you face are usually small parts of something bigger, so you need to have the ability to be able to approach them from different sides (and heights). This means that whenever you feel that many little obstacles are getting in the way of you arriving at a solution, ensure that you never lose sight of the bigger problem you're attempting to solve.

3. Study and Solve the Problem Little By Little
If a problem seems insurmountable, try your best to divide it into a series of smaller problems (or tasks), which are easier to solve. By compartmentalizing each part of the bigger problem, you will gain a much clearer insight into the realty of the situation that you're facing.

4. Use Motivating Language
Imagine you're trying to quit smoking. Your habit is a problem, so you tell yourself "I'm going to quit smoking". Think about how much easier it would be for you to arrive at the solution to the problem if you said things like "I'm going to prolong my life", or "I'm going to boost my energy levels".

5. Formulate Problems as Questions
You can try formulating a problem you're facing as a question – you may come up with a solution to it without even trying. This is because the human brain loves riddles, and will keep searching for an answer to it all by itself.

6. Make Problems Fascinating To Solve
If you make a problem appear enticing and rewarding to yourself, then that makes the process of trying to find a solution that much more enjoyable. For instance, instead of saying "I'm going to create a blog to make more money", you can say "I'm going to inspire my readers to make positive changes in their lives by means of my writing".

7. Turn the Problem on Its Head
Another trick for solving a problem is to imagine the worst-possible outcome as a result of failing to find a solution. In order to win, you have to visualize what defeat looks like, and how it's likely to happen. Once you have a clear picture in your head, all you have to do is ensure that you don't make those mistakes in real life.

8. Collect as Many Useful Facts as Possible
You will be much better-equipped to find a solution to a problem if you inform yourself and learn about the facts that led to it coming into being in the first place. Going on a fact-finding mission in relation to the problem might see you arriving at a solution to it much quicker than you believed possible.

The phrase that traditionally ends every Seder is "Next year in Jerusalem." All over the world, Jews say this at Passover, but how many actually mean it? I remember as a child in Australia, before the State of Israel was established, we said "Next year in Jerusalem," but we didn't mean it. My parents, both born in Melbourne, never left Australia's shores.

Although my family in Australia was not Orthodox, we always held a Seder, and the singing after reading the Haggada (and eating lots of kneidels and drinking the cups of wine) was very spirited. As a child, I loved the lively "Dayenu" and the last song, which we sang in English, "Only one kid, only one kid which my father bought for two zuzim…" The words seemed very funny to me, until the mood suddenly changed at the end, when we began to sing about the Angel of Death, and I remember that my mother's eyes used to fill with tears.

There is something about Passover that speaks to every Jew. In 1840, in a book titled Rabbi von Bacharach, Heinrich Heine wrote: "Jews who have long drifted from the faith of their fathers are stirred in their inmost parts when the old, familiar Passover sounds chance to fall upon their ears."

Without the Seder, there would be no reason for the family to come together at this time of year. Not every Jewish family is religious, but at Passover most are traditional.

There is a special feeling about the snowy white tablecloth with new dishes, the big cup of wine for Elijah, the opening of the door for the prophet to come in, and sweet childish voices chanting "Ma Nishtana…" like the lyrics of a popular song from yesteryear, "Memories are made of this"! When I lived in Australia I traveled extensively, but going to Jerusalem never crossed my mind. The majesty of London, the gondolas of Venice, the boulevards of Paris, the snowy mountains of Switzerland, the mystery of Hong Kong, yes…. but Jerusalem? For me, it was a mythical place from Bible stories. In my ignorance, I wasn't sure it even existed.

However, I loved reading the majestic language of the prophets, and I even memorized Ezekiel 36:8: "And you, O mountains of Israel, you shall spread forth your branches and yield your fruit to my people Israel, for they are soon to come."

Jerusalem didn't become a reality to me until, in 1971, my husband suddenly announced that we should visit Israel, to show our four children their homeland. A visit would have been fine, but what he really meant was aliya – a word that struck terror in my heart. It meant leaving behind my mother, siblings, family and friends, financial security, a familiar culture, a comfortable home, a language that I loved.

At first, Jerusalem didn't speak to me. I didn't find it beautiful in the traditional sense. When your heart is resistant, you only find things to criticize, and I shed many tears, yearning for the comfortable life we had left behind. And then, in 1973, the Yom Kippur War. I found "they" became "us." We were part of a people, a family.

We celebrated victories together; we grieved at our losses together.

This sense of unity gave me an understanding for the first time of the Haggada's insistence that on Seder night each participant should personally experience the redemption at the shores of the Red Sea; that every individual must feel as if he or she personally had come out of Egypt.

When I became observant and began practicing mitzvot, which at first were strange and unfamiliar to me, the Seder was like coming home. No one had to explain it to me or tell me what to do. Etched into my consciousness were the memories of the Seder table … the three matzot arranged between the folds of a white cloth so that no two were touching; the dish of parsley with the bowl of salt water; the bitter herbs; the shank bone; and the roasted egg. I remember helping to make the haroset – the delicious paste of apples and almonds moistened with wine.

Passover is so rich in ritual; and that is, after all, the Jews' survival system.

In Israel, Passover is a spring festival. After the cold, rainy winter, the air becomes a warm caress. The almond tree flaunts its white blossom, and all the trees are bedecked with new green lace. Cyclamens and wild violets peep shyly from crevices in the rocks, while purple iris and scarlet poppies dot the fields. The cereal harvest season has begun.

However, Passover is more than a link in the agricultural cycle of Israel. Its true significance is historical, commemorating the Exodus from Egypt and our release from slavery. The Hebrew word for Egypt is Mitzrayim, the root of which is tzar, which means "narrow" or "constrained."

To say that we must leave Egypt is to say that each of us must struggle to break out of his/her narrowness, to obtain one's full potential – spiritually, emotionally and psychologically.

The main lesson of Passover is freedom and liberty – the first of the Divine Commandments. On Passover, we celebrate it on three levels: seasonally, as we mark the release of the earth from the grip of winter; historically, as we commemorate our exodus from Egypt; and on a broader human plane, our emergence from bondage.

In Judaism, events transcend the moments of their happening – they are part of a continuous process that involves not just a single generation but all who went before and all who follow after. The cycle of the Jewish year is also the cycle of our survival.

Now at our Seder, my family no longer has to say "Next year in Jerusalem," for we are already here. We replace it with "Next year in Jerusalem – the Rebuilt," looking forward to the coming of the Messiah and a rebuilt Temple.

It took many years for me to truly understand this. At last, at the Seder I can join in with a full heart, "Next year in Jerusalem – the Rebuilt!" May the old, familiar sounds of Passover be woven into the consciousness of you and your family. And for all who are far from Israel, may you truly consider the possibility when you conclude your celebration with the words "Next year in Jerusalem."

From the Jerusalem Post by Dvora Waysman 4/10/17

A Complete Guide to Your Computer's Different File Types

I was never very good at learning new languages. And though they say these days English is all you need, I found that this was not the case when it came to understanding my computer, with its 'ones' and 'zeros'. In one place I'd see a '.exe' and elsewhere a '.pdf' - it can be so bewildering! As a result, I was pleased to discover this short and simple little guide to the 12 most common file extensions used by our computers. You see, no one else ever takes the trouble to explain these things to you, but it's really not that complicated, as I've found out. Here, take a look for yourself!

File extensions
You may have noticed that many of the files you can see on your computer have different three character endings, such as .doc, .png, .exe, and so on. Earlier computers had a limit on the amount of characters a file could display in its name. The final three characters were used to tell the computer which program was meant to open the file. For example, .doc is designed to be open by Microsoft Word, and so on.

So, usually even today we can tell which program a file is meant to be used for, by checking these final three characters, though not always. For instance, Microsoft Word is a ubiquitous program, however other programs have been designed to accept .doc files too.

Here we will go through 12 of the most common types of file extension you will see arranged in alphabetical order, and explain exactly what they are too. This information will help you understand your computer more, and also make you more aware of the risks attendant upon downloading and opening certain files from the internet.

1. .CSV (Comma Separated, Variable Length File)
Files - Computer - Guide

The CSV is a very simple format that stores data in tabular form, for example a spreadsheet or database of some kind, as you can see in the example above. This is a very trustworthy type of file, though perhaps not the most common on this list.

2. .Doc/.Docx (Microsoft Word Document)
Files - Computer - Guide
These are files made with Microsoft Word, being text-based documents. This is one of the most common formats you will come across, and may even use to make your own written documents.
3. .Exe (DOS Based Executable File/Program)
Files - Computer - Guide

This is a program that your operating system will run when you click on it. Often email viruses will be transmitted via .exe files that users mistakenly click on not expecting any kind of program to start. If one of these files is sent to you, only open it if you recognize the sender and are sure you want whatever program it is meant to be. Otherwise, exercise caution.

4. .Gif (Graphics Interchange Format)



Initially this was the main Bitmap image type in use on the internet until PNG (see No. 8) arrived. Now it is mostly used to show little animations of a few frames that play in an endless loop. You will probably have seen many of these recently, as there are many of them doing the rounds on social media networks and the internet at large.

5. .Htm or .Html (Hyper Text Markup Language)
Files - Computer - Guide

This is actually a kind of computer language which is used to tell a webpage how to display text, graphics, videos etc. If you click on a file of this type it will open up as a webpage in your browser.

6. .Jpg/.Jpeg (a Format for Compressing Files of Images)
Files - Computer - Guide

These are images, similar to PNG (see No. 8), though more frequently used for storing compressed photographs for use on the internet. If you download a photograph from the internet it will likely be in this form.

7. .Pdf Files (Portable Document Format)
Files - Computer - Guide
This document format comes from Adobe Acrobat, and it is commonly used in publications such as academic journals. If you see a .pdf file, it is most likely an official document of some kind, which is polished and finished, unlike a .doc file which is more easily editable.
8. .Png (Public Network Graphic)
Files - Computer - Guide

This is a bitmap image format which is used for the internet. Many people share these types of files because of their crisp and colorful images. This kind of file can be compressed without loss of quality.

9. . Ppt (PowerPoint)
Files - Computer - Guide
These files are made by using Microsoft PowerPoint, a program used for creating presentational slides or images, combining text and pictures.

10. .Txt (ASCII Text)
Files - Computer - Guide

TXT files are very simple, containing only 'plain' text. You may often come across them as README files that programmers use. I also use them for making notes on the program Notepad.

11. .Xls/.Xlsx (Excel Spreadsheet)
Files - Computer - Guide

These formats are also for spreadsheets, for use with Microsoft Office's Excel program. These are very commonly used by businesses for presenting and comparing various data.

12. Zip (Compressed Zip Archive)
Files - Computer - Guide

A ZIP file is one where the contents of the file are compressed in order to save storage space, or to make transmission easier. Many large files will be compressed in this way. You will need to Unzip them with a program like WinRAR to open their contents. You should be careful when unzipping files from unknown sources, as they may contain harmful viruses.

Sources: explainxkcd, nmu and csgnetwork

MUSIC BOX: Paul McCartney Wrote Some Amazing Songs

Sir Paul McCartney, born in 1942 in Liverpool, is a rock and roll legend and a half! Known to many people as their favorite Beatle, thanks to his cheery persona, gorgeous melodies, and pitch-perfect singing voice, his post Beatles career saw him release several solo albums and form the band Wings with his first wife, Linda. As far as I'm concerned, all of the songs in this collection (whether from the '60s, '70s, or '80s) are as good as anything ever to appear at the top of charts. You're bound to find songs you love and one or two gems that you've not been acquainted with before. Enjoy!

The Beatles
Paul McCartney
The Beatles
Paul McCartney
The Beatles
Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney & Stevie Wonder
The Beatles
See you tomorrow my friends
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