Sunday, January 28, 2018

Jews and Coffee -Seven little know facts and don't forget to apply for your Arnona discount by January 31  (TuBShavt)

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Yehuda Lave, Spiritual Advisor and Counselor

Overcome Fears Blocking Action

 When trying to influence someone and you find that your first approach is not effective, try to figure out what specifically is holding him back from accepting your position. For example: What fears might he have? What obstacles might he be focusing on that would make it difficult for him? Then show the person why he has no reason to be afraid and that the potential obstacles will not be a problem.

Today, think about what fears are holding you back from taking some positive action that you know is in your best interest. Imagine that you have been given the gift of tremendous courage and confidence. Let this empower you - and resolve to take action!

Speaking of not being held back, don't forget to pro-actively apply for your Arnona (Property tax bill in Israel) by January 31. If you are 67 you get a 25% discount regardless of income. Until then you have to qualify for the discount according to your income. You could be entitled to a 80-90% discount regardless of your age, but you have to apply. If you just pay the bill, you don't get your money back.

Love Yehuda Lave

For centuries, coffee leaves and berries were chewed in Ethiopia, in addition to brewing coffee from the roasted beans

For centuries, coffee leaves and berries were chewed in Ethiopia, in addition to brewing coffee from the roasted beans.

Including the surprising origins of the Maxwell House Haggadah

England's first coffee house was the Angel Inn in Oxford, opened in 1650 by an immigrant from Lebanon who was known as "Jacob the Jew". Four years later, a Jew named Cirques Jobson opened a second Oxford coffee house, the Queen's Lane Coffee House, the oldest still-running coffee house anywhere in the world.

Coffee has its origins over a thousand years ago in Africa. Through the centuries, Jews have played key roles in shaping this beverage and the way we drink it. Here are eight little-known facts about Jews and coffee.

Ethiopian Origins

For centuries, coffee leaves and berries were chewed in Ethiopia, in addition to brewing coffee from the roasted beans. According to Ethiopian lore, the stimulant power of coffee was discovered by people who observed wild goats eating the leaves of coffee trees and then prancing about with renewed energy after ingesting caffeine.

The Jewish population of Ethiopia traditionally embraced the national drink, and the "buna" Ethiopian coffee ceremony that arose there: with great ceremony, the woman of the household would light incense, brew strong coffee, then pass out the fragrant cups to family and friends to sit enjoy coffee, accompanied by peanuts or cooked barley. In recent years, as Ethiopian Jews have relocated to Israel, Ethiopian-style coffee has found new fans in the Jewish state.

Thousand Year Old Drink

The first people to roast and brew coffee beans into a drink were probably Sufi Muslims in Yemen, just across the Gulf of Aden from Ethiopia. There, in about the year 1000 CE, it became a popular drink, and quickly gained a following among Yemenite Jews as well as Muslims.

Historian Elliott Horowitz has documented that devout Jews appreciated the caffeine in the new drink's stimulating quality, allowing scholars to stay up at night in order to study Torah. Early drinkers faced a range of questions, whether the new drink should be considered a food or a medicine, and what blessing should be made over the bean-infused drink. (It was determined that coffee is considered a drink, not a medicine, and the shehakol blessing is made over coffee.)

From Yemen, the craze for coffee spread north into the Ottoman Empire after the Ottomans occupied Yemen in 1536. Coffee houses first started in Constantinople; by the mid-1500s, the city boasted many such establishments, drawing men (only men; women drank coffee at home) from far and wide. Coffee houses soon spread to other Middle Eastern cities including Cairo, Damascus and Mecca. Jews, Christians, and Muslim men all imbibed, though there were differences in their coffee styles. According to food historian Gil Marks, Middle Eastern Jews typically added sugar to their coffees, while Arabs preferred their coffee sans sweeteners.

In 1923, Maxwell House coffee hired the head of one of New York's first Jewish advertising agencies, Joseph Jacobs, to help spread the word that coffee was acceptable on Passover.

In 1553, the Cairo-based Rabbi David ibn Abi Zimra answered a number of coffee-related inquiries from Cairo's Jews and encouraged them to drink coffee in their homes, instead of patronizing cafes. Jewish cookery writer Claudia Roden, who grew up in Cairo, remembers when she was growing up coffee "was served at every possible occasion". A popular Judeo-Spanish exclamation used to be "caves de alegria!", literally "coffee of joy!"

Smuggling Coffee Beans

Coffee became a highly prized treasure for the Ottomans. They would ship coffee from Yemen to Suez, then transport it by camel to Alexandria. From there, French and Venetian traders supplied the Middle East and Europe; many of these traders, particularly those from Venice, were Jewish. So profitable was coffee as a commodity that the Ottomans forbade anyone from exporting coffee trees or viable seeds. The only coffee seeds they allowed out of Yemen had to be partially cooked, preventing them from being grown elsewhere.

In the 1600s, smugglers managed to take un-cooked coffee seeds out of Yemen, growing them in India. In 1616, an intrepid Dutch explorer managed to smuggle a whole coffee tree out of Aden and transport it to Holland. Soon, coffee was being grown in a number of Dutch colonies, including Ceylon, Java, Sumatra, Timor and Bali. For years, the Netherlands controlled the international coffee market. Jewish merchants, who were already familiar with the coffee trade, began to sell coffee directly to the public in coffee houses: a new invention by Jews in Europe.

Jewish Coffee Houses

One popular type of coffee in Israel is strong Turkish coffee. Sometimes called "botz", or mud, for its robust, hearty character, Turkish coffee is served black, in small cups, often heavily sweetened with sugar

As coffee drinking reached Europe, it was Jewish merchants who often brought the beverage to new cities. The first coffee house in Europe was opened in 1632 in Livorno, Italy, by a Jewish merchant. England's first coffee house was the Angel Inn in Oxford, opened in 1650 by an immigrant from Lebanon who was known as "Jacob the Jew". Four years later, a Jew named Cirques Jobson opened a second Oxford coffee house, the Queen's Lane Coffee House, the oldest still-running coffee house anywhere in the world. Jews, along with Armenian, Turkish and Greek traders, set up coffee houses in France, Holland, and elsewhere in Europe.

Jews faced some anti-Semitic laws to limit their reach in the coffee world. The Italian city of Verona forbade Jews from serving coffee to women. In Germany, according to the Israeli historian Robert Liberles, some authorities tried to ban the coffee trade outright, though eventually Germany became home to a robust cafe culture, much of it created by Jews.

The All-American Drink

The early American colonists drank tea like their English counterparts, until the Boston Tea Party in 1773 made hot beverages a political issue. Coffee became embraced as the patriotic American drink, and coffee houses flourished in American cities, becoming meeting places where people from all walks of life could discuss politics and other ideas.

Jewish coffee merchants helped fuel the demand for coffee throughout the following century and beyond. "Jews found that trading and peddling were commercial areas open to them" in the new United States, observes Donald Schoenholt, President of the New York based Gillies Coffee Company, the oldest coffee company in the US. "So they plied their trade in seaport cities dealing in coffee as a commodity." Today, some of America's most recognizable coffee and cafe brands, including Chock Full O Nuts and Starbucks, were founded by Jews.

Cafe Culture

In the 1800s, coffee houses became wildly popular in central European cities such as Vienna, Berlin, Prague, Warsaw and Budapest. Many of the patrons were Jews, and the continent's Jewish intelligentsia became identified with European "cafe culture". The Austrian Jewish writer Stefan Zweig, described cafes in his native Vienna as "a sort of democratic club, open to everyone for the price of a cheap cup of coffee, where every guest can sit for hours with this little offering, to talk, to write, play cards, receive post, and above all consume an unlimited number of newspapers and journals".

In Berlin, Yiddish-speaking Jews from Poland settled in a run-down district in the northeast of the city, and often met in the Romanisches Cafe, which the regulars nicknamed the "Rachmones (Pity) Cafe" for its hard-up furnishings and clientele. In the book "Yiddish in Weimar Berlin", editors Genndy Estraikh and Mikhail Krutikov provide a list of regulars that read like a who's-who of Yiddish literature, and the jokes they told in the storied cafe. The great Yiddish writer Isaac Bashevis Singer reportedly joked that if the storied Yiddish writer Sholem Asch ever "wrote in a grammatically correct Yiddish, his artistic breath would evaporate"; the writer Hersh Dovid Nomberg claimed that the tobacco-laden air of the cafe was ideal for his tuberculosis, because "not a single" germ could possibly survive in it.

Cookery writer Claudia Roden notes that it "was Jewish émigrés who transported the model of the Viennese coffeehouse all over the world, with the bentwood chairs and marble tables, rococo moldings, great mirrors and chandeliers, old prints and posters, as well as the black-and-white waitress's uniform and the doughnuts and pastries." While she was researching coffee houses in Israel, Ms. Roden met the owner of one chain of coffee shops who said he couldn't use modern decor in his coffee houses, so ingrained was the idea of ornate European decor in association with coffee in the Jewish psyche.

Maxwell House, Certified Kosher

As coffee became popular among American Jews, some consumers were under the mistaken impression that the drink was derived from a bean, not a berry, of the coffee tree. (If coffee trees produced beans, any drink derived from them would be kitniot and off-limits on Passover; fortunately , this is not the case, and coffee is derived from berries, which are kosher for Passover.)

In 1923, Maxwell House coffee hired the head of one of New York's first Jewish advertising agencies, Joseph Jacobs, to help spread the word that coffee was acceptable on Passover. Mr. Jacobs consulted with an Orthodox rabbi, then helped his client create what is now most enduring advertising campaign in history: Maxwell House began printing and distributing Passover Haggadahs, free with a purchase of kosher-for-Passover Maxwell House coffee. Today, over 80 years since the first Maxwell House Haggadah, the company has given away over 50 million Haggadahs.

Coffee, Israel-Style

Today, one of the most coffee-obsessed countries is Israel. According to one survey, the average Israeli drinks over 100 liters of coffee per year, roughly double the average consumption in America. Coffee in Israel tends to be a home-grown affair, with the Jewish state boasting its own unique, rich coffee culture. Although the international coffee giant Starbucks tried to expand in the country, Israelis didn't abandon their own local cafes, and in 2003 Starbucks closed its six Israeli branches.

One popular type of coffee in Israel is strong Turkish coffee. Sometimes called "botz", or mud, for its robust, hearty character, Turkish coffee is served black, in small cups, often heavily sweetened with sugar. Another distinctive Israeli coffee is "cafe hafuch", or upside down coffee: this refers to the fact that in this cappuccino-like drink, hot espresso is poured into steamed milk (not the other way round, as in cappuccino). Another popular Israeli coffee drink is iced coffee; in Israel, this often means a sweet coffee-infused cup of crushed ice. "Cafe kar", literally cold coffee in Hebrew, is a refreshing mixture of coffee, ice and milk.

The grandpa's unexpected answer and the surprising secret of the true life. Have you achieved it in your life?

Crimes and Misdemeanors

Crimes and Misdemeanors is a 1989 film about an opthamologist's mistress who threatens to reveal their affair to his wife, while a married documentary filmmaker is infatuated by another woman.

Written and directed by Woody Allen.


Judah Rosenthal[edit]

  • God is a luxury I can't afford.
  • One sin leads to a deeper sin.
  • I remember my father telling me, "The eyes of God are on us always." The eyes of God. What a phrase to a young boy. What were God's eyes like? Unimaginably penetrating, intense eyes, I assumed. And I wonder if it was just a coincidence that I made my specialty ophthalmology.
  • Jack lives in the real world. You live in the kingdom of heaven. I'd managed to keep free of that real world, but suddenly it's found me.

Clifford Stern[edit]

  • When he tells you he wants to exchange ideas, what he really wants is to exchange fluids.
  • I don't know from suicide. Where I grew up in Brooklyn, everybody was too unhappy to commit suicide.
  • What's the guy so upset about? You'd think nobody was ever compared to Mussolini before.
  • The last time I was inside a woman was when I visited the Statue of Liberty.
  • A strange man defecated on my sister.
  • Honey, you're the one who stopped sleeping with me, okay? It'll be a year come April 20th. I remember the date exactly, because it was Hitler's birthday.

Professor Louis Levy[edit]

  • We're all faced throughout our lives with agonizing decisions, moral choices. Some are on a grand scale, most of these choices are on lesser points. But we define ourselves by the choices we have made. We are, in fact, the sum total of our choices. Events unfold so unpredictably, so unfairly, Human happiness does not seem to be included in the design of creation. It is only we, with our capacity to love that give meaning to the indifferent universe. And yet, most human beings seem to have the ability to keep trying and even find joy from simple things, like their family, their work, and from the hope that future generations might understand more.
  • When we fall in love, we are seeking to re-find all or some of the people to whom you were attached as children. On the other hand, we ask our beloved to correct all the wrongs that these early parents or siblings inflicted on us. So, love contains in it the contradiction, the attempts to return to the past and the attempt to undo the past.
  • I've gone out the window.
  • But we must always remember that when we are born we need a great deal of love in order to persuade us to say in life. Once we get that love it usually lasts us. But the universe is a pretty cold place. It is we who invest it with our feelings. And under certain conditions, we feel the thing isn't worth it any more.


  • If it bends it's funny. If it breaks, it's not funny.
  • Idea for a farce. A poor...loser does a documentary of a great man and in the process learns some deep values.
  • I'll be honest. You're not my first choice.
  • Comedy is tragedy plus time.

Dialogue[edit]Lester: If you play your cards right, you could have my body.Halley Reed: Wouldn't you rather leave it to science?Halley Reed: [about Lester] After all, he is an American phenomenon.Clifford Stern: Yeah, but so is acid rain.Lester: I told you I'm putty in your hands.Halley Reed: What am I gonna do with a handful of putty?Halley Reed: [on the philosopher Lewis Levy] He was very eloquent on the subject of love, didn't you think?Clifford Stern: I wish I had met him before I got married. It would've saved me a gall bladder operation.Halley Reed: [about Lester]: He wants to produce something of mine.Clifford Stern: Yeah. Your first child.Sol Rosenthal: Whether it's the Bible or Shakespeare, murder will out!Judah Rosenthal: Who said anything about murder?Sol Rosenthal: You did.Clifford Stern: I actually wrote you a love letter.Halley Reed: I didn't get it.Clifford Stern: It's probably just as well. I plagiarized most of it from James Joyce. You probably wondered why all the references to Dublin.[Judah is telling Clifford about the murder, disguising it as an idea for a screenplay.]Judah Rosenthal: And after the awful deed is done, he finds that he's plagued by deep-rooted guilt. Little sparks of his religious background, which he'd rejected, are suddenly stirred up. He hears his father's voice. He imagines that God is watching his every move. Suddenly, it's not an empty universe at all, but a just and moral one, and he's violated it. Now, he's panic-stricken. He's on the verge of a mental collapse, an inch away from confessing the whole thing to the police. And then one morning, he awakens. The sun is shining, his family is around him and mysteriously, the crisis has lifted. He takes his family on a vacation to Europe and as the months pass, he finds he's not punished. In fact, he prospers. The killing gets attributed to another person — a drifter who has a number of other murders to his credit, so I mean, what the hell? One more doesn't even matter. Now he's scott-free. His life is completely back to normal. Back to his protected world of wealth and privilege.Clifford Sten: Yes, but can he ever really go back?Judah Rosenthal: People carry sins around. Oh, maybe once in awhile he has a bad moment, but it passes. With time, it all fades.Clifford Stern: Yeah, but now his worst beliefs are realized.Judah Rosenthal: Well, I said it was a chilling story, didn't I?Clifford Stern: I don't know. I think it would be tough for someone to live with that. Very few guys could live with something like that on their conscience.Judah Rosenthal: People carry awful deeds around. What do you expect him to do, turn himself in? This is reality. In reality, we rationalize, we deny, or we couldn't go on living.Clifford Stern: Here's what I would do: I would have him turn himself in. Then your story assumes tragic proportions. I mean, in the absence of a God, or something, he's forced to assume that responsibility himself. Then you have tragedy.Judah Rosenthal: But that's fiction, that's movies. You see too many movies. I'm talking about reality. I mean, if you want a happy ending, you should see a Hollywood movie.

See you tomorrow

Love Yehuda Lave



by Fabrice Schomberg

amongst lies, even the truth is suspect

Sister Barbara

Sitting by the window of her convent, Sister Barbara opened a letter from home one evening.
Inside the letter was a $100 bill her parents had sent.
Sister Barbara smiled at the gesture.
As she read the letter by the window, she noticed a shabbily dressed stranger leaning against the lamp post below.
Quickly, she wrote, "Don't despair. - Sister Barbara," on a piece of paper, wrapped the $100 bill in it, got the man's attention and tossed it out the window to him.

The stranger picked it up, and with a puzzled expression and a tip of his hat, went off down the street.
The next day, Sister Barbara was told that a man was at her door, insisting on seeing her.
She went down, and found the stranger waiting. Without a word, he handed her a huge wad of $100 bills.
"What's this?" she asked.
"That's the $8,000 you have coming Sister," he replied. "Don't Despair paid 80-to-1."

Exchanges between pilots and control towers

Tower: "Delta  351, you have traffic at 10 o'clock, 6  miles!"
Delta 351:
"Give  us another hint! We have digital watches!" A  Cessna inbound at the reporting point over ManlyBeach.

"TWA  2341, for noise abatement turn right 45  Degrees."
TWA  2341:
"Center,  we are at 35,000 feet.. How much noise can we make up  here?"
"Sir,  have you ever heard the noise a 747 makes when it  hits a 727?"

 A  student became lost during a solo cross-country  flight. While attempting to locate the aircraft on  radar, ATC asked, "What  was your last known  position?"
"When  I was number one for takeoff."

A  DC-10 had come in a little hot and thus had an  exceedingly long roll out after touching down.
San  Jose Tower Noted:
"American  751, make a hard right turn at the end of the  runway, if you are able.. If you are not able, take  the Guadalupe exit off Highway 101, make a right at  the lights and return to the  airport."

A  Pan Am 727 flight, waiting for start clearance in   Munich , overheard the following:

Lufthansa (in  German):
"Ground,  what is our start clearance  time?"
Ground  (in English):
"If  you want an answer you must speak in  English"
Lufthansa  (in English):
"I  am a German, flying a German airplane, in Germany .  Why must I speak  English?"
  Unknown  voice from another plane (in a beautiful British  accent):
"Because  you lost the bloody  war!"

"Eastern  702, cleared for takeoff, contact Departure on  frequency 124..7"
Eastern  702:
"Tower,  Eastern 702 switching to Departure. By the way,after  we lifted off we saw some kind of dead animal on the  far end of the  runway."
"Continental  635, cleared for takeoff behind Eastern 702, contact  Departure on frequency 124.7. Did you copy that  report from Eastern  702?"
Continental  635:
"Continental  635, cleared for takeoff, roger; and yes, we copied Eastern. We've already notified our caterers."

One  day the pilot of a Cherokee 180 was told by the  tower to hold short of the active runway while a  DC-8 landed. The DC-8 landed, rolled out, turned  around, and taxied back past the Cherokee. Some  quick-witted comedian in the DC-8 crew got on the  radio and said,
"What  a cute little plane. Did you make it all by  yourself?"
The  Cherokee pilot, not about to let the insult go by,  came back with a real zinger:
"I  made it out of DC-8 parts. Another landing like  yours and I'll have enough parts for another  one."

The  German air controllers at Frankfurt Airport are  renowned as a short-tempered lot. They not only  expect one to know one's gate parking location, but  how to get there without any assistance from them.  So it was with some amusement that we (a Pan Am 747)  listened to the following exchange between Frankfurt  ground control and a British Airways 747, call sign  Speedbird 206.
Speedbird  206: "   Frankfurt , Speedbird 206! Clear of active  runway."
"Speedbird  206. Taxi to gate Alpha  One-Seven."
The  BA 747 pulled onto the main taxiway and slowed to a  stop.

"Speedbird,  do you not know where you are  going?"
Speedbird  206:
"Stand  by, Ground, I'm looking up our gate location  now."
Ground  (with quite arrogant  impatience):
"Speedbird  206, have you not been to Frankfurt  before?"
Speedbird  206 (coolly):
"Yes,  twice in 1944, but it was dark --  and  I didn't  land."
While  taxiing at London 's
Airport,  the crew of a US Air flight departing for Ft.  Lauderdale made a wrong turn and came nose to nose  with a United 727..
An  irate female ground controller lashed out at the US  Air crew, screaming: "US  Air 2771, where the hell are you going? I told you  to turn right onto Charlie taxiway! You turned right  on Delta! Stop right there. I know it's difficult  for you to tell the difference between C and D, but  get it right!"
Continuing  her rage to the embarrassed crew, she was now  shouting hysterically:
"God!  Now you've screwed everything up! It'll take forever  to sort this out! You stay right there and don't  move till I tell you to! You can expect progressive  taxi instructions in about half an hour, and I want  you to go exactly where I tell you, when I tell you,  and how I tell you! You got that, US Air  2771?"

"Yes, ma'am," 
the  humbled crew responded.

Naturally,  the ground control communications frequency fell  terribly silent after the verbal bashing of US Air  2771.. Nobody wanted to chance engaging the irate  ground controller in her current state of mind.  Tension in every cockpit out around Gatwick was  definitely running high. Just then an unknown pilot  broke the silence and keyed his microphone,  asking:

"Wasn't  I married to you  once?"

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See you tomorrow

Love Yehuda Lave

Rabbi Yehuda Lave

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