Tuesday, Oct. 19 Shalom Pollock trip the Major battle sites, museums and memorials of the 1948 Independence war in and around Jerusalem and Second Temple period quarry uncovered in Jerusalem and Why did Croatia get so much coastline in the breakup of Yugoslavia and what are the longest drivable highways in the world and Rabbi Schwartz twin Jokes and Twitter Blocks Accounts of Rightwing Israelis
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Major battle sites, museums and memorials of the 1948 Independence war in and around Jerusalem.
Tuesday, Oct. 19 from Inbal hotel
250 shekels bring lunch
Nebi Samuel (Shmuel's tomb) The Crusader fortress built over the site of Samuel's tomb sits on a commanding mountain overlooking Jerusalem and beyond. It was fought over by the Palmach forces and the Jordanian army in 1948. After a protracted battle, the Israelis withdrew, suffering many casualties. The site was taken nineteen years later in the Six day war and the holy site was open to Jews again after over a thousand years of being denied access. Radar Hill Another commanding height overlooking the area around Jerusalem and approach to the city was the scene of heavy fighting in 1948.The British established a radar base on this strategic height and transferred it to the Jordanian army before they left in 1948. Heavy fighting erupted for control of the strategic point. Israeli forces were defeated and only returned with the six day war. There are remains of the fortifications and a high tower from where an unsurpassed view of the entire region can be seen. Kastel A British fort overlooking the road to Yerushalayim was given to the Arab irregulars of the neighboring villages. The Palmach launched repeated attacks on this strategic site that controlled transportation into the besieged and starving city. After heroic feats the hill was captured. A dramatic film is presented about the events. Shaar Hagay museum Housed in the old Turkish Khan, this site was used as the jumping off point for the Palmach convoys to open the road to Yerushalauim in the Independence war.It is a new museum that tells the story of these brave young Jews.A special film was made for the occasion. Sheik Jarah ( Shinon Hatzadik neighborhood) where the Palmach secured this Jewish neighborhood in East Jerusalem only to be forced out by pro Arab British forces.Today idealistic brave Jews are returning. The site of the last convoy to Hadasah hospital and Hebrew university on Mt. Scopus. In 1948, the British guaranteed the safety of a Jewish supply convoy to Mt. Scopus. The Jews were betrayed by the British and the Arabs massacred the convoy.Today, pionering idealist Jews are returning to these areas.
Second Temple period quarry uncovered in Jerusalem
Jerusalem's ancient quarries were the main source of stones for monumental construction projects in the city, such as the Temple Mount.
Jerusalem's well-known high-tech industrial zone is called 'Har Hozvim' ('Quarrymen's Hill'), but not everyone knows why. This week, prior to future development by the Moriah Jerusalem Development Corporation, Israel Antiquities Authority excavations provided evidence of the name's true meaning with the discovery of a vast ancient quarry that apparently dates from the Second Temple period (some two thousand years ago).
The quarry, only part of which has been excavated, covers approximately 600 sq m but is probably at least two or three times as large. The massive building blocks extracted from it measured 1.5 x 2 m. The site provides a clear demonstration of all the phases of quarrying and stone preparation.
"The large-scale building projects in ancient Jerusalem, such as the Temple Mount, required a vast amount of building materials and the ability to organize and coordinate the quarrying and transportation of thousands of building blocks to the ancient city," says Moran Hagbi, the excavation's director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority. "Building blocks in various stages of working were discovered in the quarry. For example, we uncovered large, square blocks of stone about to be detached from the bedrock, prior to loading and transporting them to the ancient city."
"For us as archaeologists, this quarry presents a golden opportunity; because some of the stones were left in situ in this way, we can copy ancient technologies and experiment with them in order to recreate the processes by which the building stones were quarried."
Israel Antiquities Authority archaeologists and conservationists are now planning to try and recreate the ancient methods used to detach the stone blocks, as well as to test the effectiveness of methods described in ancient sources. To accomplish this, they will be using reproductions of ancient tools found in previous excavations and prepared specifically for experimental purposes.
Previous excavations conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority in northern Jerusalem have uncovered multiple building-stone quarries, as well as tools used to detach the stones from the quarry face. The quarries cover a vast swathe of land to the north of the Old City and are a truly unique phenomenon. Because of the region's topography and the quality of the stone, they were the main source of building blocks for the monumental projects in Jerusalem in the Second Temple period and at other times in history.
According to Israel Antiquities Authority's general director, Eli Eskozido, "In a symbolic way, Jerusalem's current development boom presents us with an opportunity to excavate and research the great building projects in Jerusalem in antiquity. Before any development project begins in Jerusalem, our archaeologists are called upon to excavate and examine any ancient finds, for the sake of future generations."
The Social Media war against public figures on the right and silencing of their voices has expanded. Over the Rosh Hashana holiday, Twitter blocked the accounts of Jewish right-wing activists Baruch Marzel and Benzi Gopstein.
Last month, Facebook blocked the accounts of Baruch Marzel and former MK Dr. Michael Ben-Ari. WhatsApp, which is owned by Facebook, has also been blocking accounts of Israel right-wing activists.
Because the many republics of Yugoslavia agreed to keep their pre-independence borders intact and just make them national borders instead.
All the post-independence border conflicts (Croatia manages to have those with all her neighbors) are conflicts about how the 1991 border really looked like. Was this house on the northern side of the border or the south? Was this bay really solely the doman of one entity or was it shared halfway?
Now, it is true that the 1991 borders between republics are not the same as 1949 borders, the Slovene-Corat border was moved to the north in 1953 and a small chunk of what is now Croatia did belong to Slovenia prior to that decision and that would approximately double Slovenian coastline.
That was an internal political decision by the FPRY (Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, the country called itself that until 1963), has no bearing on the 1991 border and is not admissable as a territorial claim.
Unless you cite the Crimean precendens, I suppose.
The longest under one numbering scheme is Australia Highway Number 1. In expressway portions it is "M1" and in rural two-lane portions it is "A1."
At 14,500 km (9,010 miles) it is longer than the diameter of the Earth.
Between Tailem Bend South Australia and Perth, it is a primary highway. Between Perth and Prot Hedland, it is also a primary highway. Between Sydney and Cairns, it is a primary highway.
Elsewhere, it is mostly a secondary minor road, connecting rural coastal towns way off the beaten path.
Much like many the US numbered highways (e.g., US 101), it inefficiently connects the major population centres along the coast, rather than cutting through the interior. The areas where cities align somewhat along the coast have been upgraded to major highways. Elsewhere, it is a series of small minor paved roads.
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Spanning some 19,000 miles, the Pan-American Highway is the longest roadway in the world. Starting in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, the road moves south, passing through Canada, the United States, Mexico, and Central America
RABBI SCHWARTZ'S TWIN JOKES OF THE WEEK Amal and Juan are identical twins. Their mom only carries one baby photo in her wallet. Because if you've seen Juan you've seen Amal
What did the drummer call his twin daughters? Anna One, Anna Two
My friend once told me, "Your wife and daughter look like twins!" I replied, " Yeah well, they were separated at birth"
My father was born with a conjoined twin, but the doctors managed to separate them at birth. I have an uncle, once removed.
My wife told me that she was pregnant with twin girls. I told her that I wanted to name the first one Kate. She asked what I wanted to name the second one. I answered Duplicate.
What did the Hispanic firefighter name his twins? Hose A and Hose B
What are the best kind of fruit for twins? Pears
I found out today that I have an identical twin brother. I got very emotional when we finally met. I was beside myself.
Did you hear about the identical twin police officers? They were copies.
Molly became very sick when she was pregnant woman and she fell into a coma. After some months she wakes up in a hospital bed and as she gains consciousness she realizes that her pregnancy belly is gone. A doctor is standing next to her bed greeting her. "Hello, you have been in a coma for six months. But don't worry you are on good health and will be released soon!" She anxiously asks him "Doctor what happened? What happened to my baby?""Don't worry about it! The birth went well and your babies are alive and healthy." The doctor replies. "Babies? What do you mean babies? ""Ma'am you had twins. A boy and a girl. Your brother Chatzkel has been taking care of them since their birth.""Chatzkel? Oy Vay! He's an idiot! He's a greener from the "old country and barely speaks English. What type of old fashioned name did he give them?" The woman exclaims."He named the girl 'Denise'" The doctor says." That's not so bad." The woman replies. "What did he name the boy?"" Denephew!
A fisherman's wife gives birth to a healthy set of twins. After some time, they notice that one boy always faces toward the ocean and the other always faces away. Even if the parents were to turn them, they would always reposition themselves. So the name the boys "Toward" and "Away" respectively. On the twins' tenth birthday, the fisherman takes them on a fishing trip. He tells his wife that they will be back in a week. A week passes. Then a month. Then two. Three months pass with no word, and the wife begins to lose hope. However, one day, she saw two figures approaching from the horizon, dragging the biggest fish she'd ever seen. She runs to her husband and child and says, "Wow! That fish is gigantic!" The fisherman says, "Well, it's actually a funny story. We spent a week at sea, with no luck. However, on the last day, this beast jumped up on the deck and ate Toward whole! For three months I fought the fish, until eventually I was able to defeat it and cut Toward free.""That's amazing!", the wife says to her son, "but where's your brother?"The fisherman interrupts and says, "Well, if you think this guy is big, you should have seen the one that got Away!"
Maurice and Isaac found themselves sitting next to each other in a New York bar. After a while, Maurice looks at Isaac and says, "I can't help but think, from listening to you, that you're from Israel." Isaac responds proudly, "I am!" Maurice says, "So am I! And where might you be from?" Isaac answers, "I'm from Jerusalem." Maurice responds, "So am I! And where did you live?" Isaac says, "A lovely little area two miles east of King David's Hotel. Not too far from the old city" Maurice says, "Unbelievable! What school did you attend?" Isaac answers, "Well, I attended Yeshiva University." Maurice gets really excited, and says, "And so did I. Tell me, what year did you graduate?" Isaac answers, "I graduated in 1984." Maurice exclaims, "Amazing! This is Bashert. Hashem wanted us to meet! I can hardly believe our good luck at winding up in the same bar tonight. Can you believe it, I graduated from Yeshiva University in 1984 also." About this time, Moishe enters the bar, sits down, and orders a beer. The bartender walks over to him shaking his head & mutters, "It's going to be a long night tonight, the Goldberg twins are drunk again."