The 17th of Tammuz fast is pushed off to Sunday at 4:27 Am because of Shabbat and Gone With The Wind In Nazi Germany And Eretz Yisrael By Saul Jay Singer and Palestinians: The House Demolitions and Land-Grabs No One Talks About By Khaled Abu Toameh and Israel’s E1 Building Plan: Strategic, Consensual and FROZEN By JCPA- Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs and Unique Sites of Israel: Tel Motza By Nosson Shulman and 11 Facts About the 17 Tammuz Fast Day By Menachem Posner and The Portion of Pinchas
Yehuda Lave is an author, journalist, psychologist, rabbi, spiritual teacher, and coach, with degrees in business, psychology and Jewish Law. He works with people from all walks of life and helps them in their search for greater happiness, meaning, business advice on saving money, and spiritual engagement.
The Three are Rabbi Yehuda Glick, famous temple mount activist, and former Israel Mk, and then Robert Weinger, the world's greatest shofar blower and seller of Shofars, and myself after we had gone to the 12 gates of the Temple Mount in 2020 to blow the shofar to ask G-d to heal the world from the Pandemic. It was a highlight to my experience in living in Israel and I put it on my blog each day to remember.
The articles that I include each day are those that I find interesting, so I feel you will find them interesting as well. I don't always agree with all the points of each article but found them interesting or important to share with you, my readers, and friends. It is cathartic for me to share my thoughts and frustrations with you about life in general and in Israel. As a Rabbi, I try to teach and share the Torah of the G-d of Israel as a modern Orthodox Rabbi. I never intend to offend anyone but sometimes people are offended and I apologize in advance for any mistakes. The most important psychological principle I have learned is that once someone's mind is made up, they don't want to be bothered with the facts, so, like Rabbi Akiva, I drip water (Torah is compared to water) on their made-up minds and hope that some of what I have share sinks in. Love Rabbi Yehuda Lave.
Gone With The Wind In Nazi Germany And Eretz Yisrael By Saul Jay Singer
Following the unsuccessful attempts of Balak curse the Children of Israel, they sin with the women of Moav which we understand came about at the suggestion of Balak. The plague which attacks the children of Israel as punishment for their sin is halted because of the act of Pinchas ben Elazar Hakohen who kills Kozbi bat Tzur the Midianite and Zimri ben Salu of the tribe of Shimon.
Moses is commanded to "harass the Midianites and kill " (Numbers 25;17).
The word "Tzror" (harass) and "tzar" (besiege) are familiar to us from two different sources.
In the portion of Behaalotcha (Numbers 10;9) we read of the trumpets heralding a future war against an enemy: "And when there shall be a war in your land against an enemy who harasses (hatzar hatzorer) you, you shall sound the trumpets and remember that it is the Lord your God who saves you from your enemies".
And the war against Midian as described in the portion of Matot: "From the thousands of Israel one thousand was given over for each tribe, twelve thousand armed for battle. Moses sent them the thousand from each tribe to the army, them along with Phinehas the son of Eleazar the kohen to the army, with the sacred utensils and the trumpets for sounding in his possession" (Numbers 31;5-6).
An allusion to the fact that the war will be decided with the help of the trumpets we find in the letters "resh" in our portion which are emphasized in their special form in the command to harass the Midianites. (Remazei Rabbenu Yoel)
The attached picture is taken from a Torah written in Eastern Europe in the 18th century.
The 17th day of Tammuz, known as Shiva Asar BeTammuz, is one of four fasts that the Prophet Zechariah predicts will one day morph from sadness into joy and gladness. He refers to it as "the fourth fast"1 because it takes place in Tammuz, the fourth month of the Jewish year, counted from the springtime month of Nissan.
2. Sephardim Announce It on the Shabbat Before
The Code of Jewish Law cites the Sephardic custom that on the Shabbat before this fast (as well as other lesser-known fasts2) the cantor announces when the fast will be observed.3
3. It's When Moses Broke the Tablets
On Shavuot, 6 Sivan, Moses went up to Mount Sinai and G‑d communicated the 10 Commandments to the nation. The following day (7 Sivan), he went up once again and told the people he'd be back in 40 days. On what they believed was the 40th day, 16 Tammuz, the people became antsy and crafted a Golden Calf, which they worshipped the following day, Tammuz 17. Upon seeing their disastrous actions, Moses shattered the Tablets and begged G‑d for forgiveness.4
4. The Daily Sacrifices Halted on This Day
During the time when the Hasmonean dynasty ruled Judea, Hyrcanus II (who served as High Priest) was briefly crowned king, before his brother, Aristobulus II, rose in rebellion. Hyrcanus took refuge in Jerusalem, and Aristobulus and his men surrounded the city, not allowing people or goods to enter or exit. An exception was made for two lambs, which were brought into the city every day to be sacrificed on the Holy Temple's altar—one in the morning and one in the early afternoon. When this stopped, on 17 Tammuz5 the priests were forced to discontinue the daily sacrifices as no sheep could be found. (Some say that this happened during the siege before the destruction more than 100 years later.)6
In 69 CE,7 the Roman destroyers breached the walls of Jerusalem and began a period of burning, looting, murder, and mayham, which culminated with the Temple complex burning on 9 Av, three weeks later.
6. It May Also Be When the Babylonians Broke Through
The prophet Jeremiah tells us that the Babylonians broke the walls of Jerusalem on 9 Tammuz (in 423 BCE).8 The Jerusalem Talmud and other sources9 maintain that the 17th of Tammuz was the date that the Babylonians breached the walls of Jerusalem on their way to destroy the first Temple.
How can both be true? The Talmud10 explains that due to the intense suffering and chaos that reigned at that time, the people became confused and Jeremiah actually recorded the wrong date.
7. It Commemorates Two Other Events
This fast day also commemorates two other, somewhat mysterious, events.
It was the day when Apostomus burned a Torah scroll and an idol was placed on the Temple altar. Historians have long debated when the Torah burning occurred: some maintain that Apostomos was a general during the Roman occupation of Israel, while others contend that he lived years earlier and was an officer during the Greek reign over the Holy Land. The nature of the idol placed on the altar is also shrouded in controversy: some say that this too was done by Apostomus, while others say it was done by King Manasseh of Judea.
8. It Is Often on Sunday
Like the first day of Passover, 17 Tammuz can occur on Shabbat, Sunday, Tuesday or Thursday. When it falls on Shabbat, it is delayed until Sunday, as fasting is not permitted on Shabbat. This means that approximately 40% of the time it is observed on a Sunday.11
9. The "Three Weeks" Begin on This Day
The three weeks between 17 Tammuz and 9 Av are marked by national mourning for the tragic events that happened at this time of year. We do not hold weddings, enjoy music, or cut our hair. The sadness intensifies in the final 9 days, which begin with Av 1, and are further increased on the actual week of 9 Av.
10. Noah First Released the Dove on This Day
The ancient rabbinic chronology, Seder Olam Rabbah,12 tells us that on 10 Tammuz Noah dispatched the raven from the window of the ark, only to have the bird return. Seven days later, on 17 Tammuz, he sent out the dove, who also returned since he could find no terra firma on which to land. The dove was sent out again seven days later, and this time returned with an olive leaf in his beak.
11. Rabbi Yitzchak Rappaport Passed Away
For centuries, the chief rabbi of Israel has been known as the Rishon Letzion ("First to Zion"). This designation has always been held by a Sephardic scholar (an Ashkenazic counterpart eventually developed as well). The only Askhenazi to ever hold this position was Rabbi Yitzchak Hakohen Rappaport, who was born in 1685 to Polish parents in Jerusalem and educated in the Sephardic yeshiva system. After serving as rabbi of Izmir, Turkey, for decades, he returned to Jerusalem where he was appointed Chief Rabbi. He passed away on 17 Tammuz, 5515 (1755).