Loneliness. Powerlessness. Insignificance. These are emotions we probably want least to experience. The first step in doing battle with this most difficult of all human experiences, is to avoid resisting the experience, to go into the feeling of lonesomeness fearlessly and discover why Infinite Intelligence has set things up this way. When we are willing to face our aloneness courageously, with a sense of curiosity rather than fear, we discover that it is the best inner teacher, the very incentive we need to push us to grow beyond the confines of our narrow materialistically defined ego-centered and selfish existence.
These feelings of powerlessness and Insignificance affected us all last week when Bibi gave in with barely a whisper on giving sovereignty of the temple mount back to Arabs. The deaths of the policeman and the Salomon family become meaningless. Bibi's record is reviewed by Rob Muchinick in the link attached. It is time to stand up
Love Yehuda Lave
Capitulation, Thy Name is Bibi! By Rob Muchnick Those of us who love the state of Israel and wish only for its best are noticeably more upset now than usual. We want Israel's leader to be strong and proud. We want Israel's leader to stand up to our enemies. We want Israel's leader to shout to the world the justice of our cause, and to live up to those words. Many of us have generally been happy enough [me not included] with Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyahu, as he usually says things which are close enough to what we want to hear to placate us until the next humiliation. ...see the link
As tensions rise across the Middle East, one coffee company has taken a different tack, suggesting that everyone just take a break. A coffee break, to be exact, and not just any coffee. Sobhi Nakhly, which over three generations has grown to become one of Israel's biggest producers of Arabic "black" coffee, this week launched an ad campaign suggesting to stressed-out Israelis that life isn't all gloom and doom, and a cup of some good strong coffee laced with cardamom might be the panacea we're all looking for.
Nakhly is one of the country's top Turkish coffee brands, but the country's dominant coffee brand since the 1950s has been Elite, starting in 1958 when, according to the company's website, it "made the courageous decision to manufacture instant coffee in Israel, at a time when austerity still left its mark on the Israeli mentality and instant coffee was considered a prestige beverage."
This "prestige" came in the form of powdered coffee — spray-dried liquid coffee — and to this day, the classic tin of Elite can be found in almost every home, office and army base.
Elite powdered coffee, a standard in all Israeli offices, continues to thrive. Photo courtesy of Strauss Group
In 1963, the company entered the Turkish coffee market. "Elite acquired Café Co. in Lod, which had tried to generate competition against Elite's instant coffee without much success. Elite changed its designation from instant coffee to roasted coffee… Today, it is considered the leading production facility in Israel for the production of various types of roast and ground (R&G) coffee."
"During the Yom Kippur War Elite continued to manufacture and supply its products to the security forces and the civilian market. To accomplish the task, Elite's production facilities worked 24 hours a day."
As the country's de facto coffee monopoly, Elite ignored the advent of freeze-dried (agglomerated) coffee for many years, forcing every American visitor to bring at least one, if not two, jars of Taster's Choice for their Israeli relatives to enjoy.
Smaller brands like Atara and Lieber (acquired in 1970) were quashed by the Elite juggernaut. Of the old guard, only Landwer Coffee has survived.
Landwer established his business in 1919 in Berlin. He came to Tel-Aviv in 1933 and became the country's first industrial-grade coffee roaster. During the 1950s austerity period in Israel, many coffee manufacturers switched to serving chicory-based beverages but Landwer continued serving coffee, earning a loyal following.
In the early 1980s, Federman Holdings acquired Landwer Coffee. Today Landwer produces and distributes Turkish and espresso coffee and is the second largest coffee roaster in Israel. In 2004, it partnered with four experienced entrepreneurs to launch the Cafe Landwer chain, a successful franchise whose decor takes inspiration from the brand's 1930s graphic style.
The décor at Landwer Cafés harks back to the company's 1930s roots. . Photo: courtesy
Elite went public in 1973, raising $3.2 million in a share and capital note issue. In 1984, Elite's feuding founding families lost control of the company when businessman David Federman bought 23% of the shares.
In 1991, alongside its local operations, Elite began marketing coffee in Poland, and later established a coffee plant in the city of Poznan, gaining a leading position in the Polish coffee market. In 1996, Elite established a coffee plant in Romania to become a leader in the Romanian coffee market.
Also in 1996, dairy company Strauss gained control of Elite, acquiring 15% of the voting shares and 7.8% of the capital shares of Elite, and becoming the second-largest food manufacturer in Israel.
In 1998, Elite acquired coffee plants in Bulgaria, Croatia and Turkey, and increased exports to Russia. In 2000, Elite acquired Brazilian coffee company Três Corações for $41 million. This provided the company with a source of raw materials and granted Elite control over 40% of the cappuccino market in Brazil. A 2002 distribution agreement was signed with Italian producer Lavazza for the institutional market in Israel and other countries.
In 2004, the Strauss-Elite merger was finalized, making Strauss an international publicly traded group.
Today, Strauss-Elite is the second largest coffee company not only in Poland and Russia but, more impressively, in Brazil. Strauss Coffee continues to expand and most recently went back to its Elite roots by signing an agreement with Cia Iguacu, the second largest instant coffee player in the Brazilian instant coffee market.
According to a Euromonitor report in January, "Strauss Group Ltd led coffee sales in 2016 with a 55% retail volume share. The company's brand Elite Turkish dominated standard fresh ground coffee – the largest category in coffee – and its Elite instant coffee remained the leading brand in the category."
As for Elite powdered coffee? Not only has it not gone away but the range has been expanded to include flavors like vanilla and a summer variety especially for making iced coffee.
3,500-year-old 'lunch box' with traces of grain found in Swiss Alps
About 3,500 years ago, an intrepid traveler in the Swiss Alps lost their lunch box.
Archaeologists recently discovered the wooden vessel as the ice where it was buried melted near the top of a mountain. They even uncovered clues about the box's final contents; a chemical analysis revealed faint traces of cereals like wheat and rye, perhaps from a hearty whole- grain porridge.
Baskets, barrels and boxes made from organic materials like wood or leather rarely survive in the archaeological record, but some examples have been found in the Alps before. In fact, Europe's oldest mummy, Ötzi the Iceman, was found with two birch-bark containers. These lightweight vessels were probably preferred over ceramic containers for long journeys over snowy mountain passes. (Hikers today are careful about every ounce of equipment they pack. It probably wasn't much different during the Bronze Age.) Just this month, the mummified remains of a couple buried in the Alps 75 years ago turned up. [Top 9 Secrets About Ötzi the Iceman]
Archaeologists have identified some ice patches in the Alps where artifacts that were once frozen in time are being newly exposed as the climate warms. One such place is an ice patch near the summit of the Lötschenpass at an altitude of 8,700 feet (2,650 meters). The wooden box was discovered there in 2012. It has a round base made of Swiss pine and a rim made of willow, and it is sewn together with splint twigs of European larch. It also had a mysterious residue on its surface.
Armed with new chemical techniques, archaeologists can now analyze residues of food and drink — like animal and dairy fats — left on seemingly empty ancient pots. However, it's rare to find lipids (or fats) from cereals on artifacts, even though grains like wheat, barley and rye were important after the emergence of farming, the researchers wrote in their summary of the findings, published Wednesday (July 26) in the journal Scientific Reports.
"One of the greatest challenges of lipid analysis in archaeology has been finding biomarkers for plants," André Colonese, a bioarchaeologist at the University of York in England, said in a statement. "There are only a few and they do not preserve very well in ancient artifacts."
For that reason, Colonese and his colleagues were excited to find that the residue from the Bronze Age box contained a class of lipids that's usually found only in cereals. Preserved traces of plant protein confirmed that this vessel contained two types of cereal grains: wheat and barley or rye.
"Detecting a molecular marker for cereals also has widespread implications for studying early farming," another study researcher, Jessica Hendy, of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, said in the statement. "It enables us to piece together when and where this important food crop spread through Europe."
One next step will be to look for these compounds in ceramic artifacts, Colonese added. That could prove whether these biomarkers could really be used as a new tracking tool for early uses of grains when archaeologists lack more visible evidence like charred grains or seeds.
Original article on Live Science .
DNA discovery identifies living descendants of Biblical Canaanites
DNA research is shining new light on the Biblical Canaanite civilization, which existed thousands of years ago in the Middle East.
The ancient civilization, which created the first alphabet and is mentioned frequently in the Bible, has long fascinated historians. LiveScience reports that, because the Canaanites kept their records on papyrus, rather than clay, relatively little is known about them.
Now, however, scientists have found a genetic 'trail' back to the Canaanites' ancient world.
By sequencing the genomes of five Canaanites that lived 4,000 years ago with genomes from 99 people living in modern day Lebanon, researchers identified a strong genetic link to the mysterious civilization.
The results surprised the scientists, whose work was supported by U.K. biomedical research charity The Wellcome Trust.
"In light of the enormously complex history of this region in the last few millennia, it was quite surprising that over 90 percent of the genetic ancestry of present-day Lebanese was derived from the Canaanites," said Chris Tyler-Smith, senior group leader at The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, in a statement.
In addition to the ancient Canaanite DNA, the analysis of genomes from the modern day Lebanese people also showed a small proportion of Eurasian ancestry that may have come from conquests by Assyrians, Persians or Macedonians, according to the experts.
The researchers also discovered that the ancient Canaanites were a mixture of local people, who settled in farming villages during the Neolithic period, and eastern migrants who arrived about 5,000 years ago. "Using ancient DNA we show for the first time who were (genetically) the ancient Canaanites, how they were related to other ancient populations and what was their fate," explained Marc Haber, a genetic data expert at The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, in an email to Fox News. "Our work shows the power of genetics in filling gaps in human history when the historical records are absent or scarce."
Haber added that the results complement Biblical accounts of the Canaanites. While the Israelites are commanded to "utterly destroy" the Canaanites in Deuteronomy 20:16-18, Judges 1 describes the survival of a number of Canaanite communities.
Canaanites once lived in what we now recognize as Israel, the Palestinian territories, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. The remains of the five ancient Canaanites studied as part of the DNA research were recovered in the modern-day Lebanese city of Sidon.